Are you looking for a guard dog but have no experience with guard dogs (or even dogs in general)?
There’s nothing wrong with being inexperienced and it doesn’t mean you should give up on your vision of owning a guard dog.
My first dog was a Rottweiler and she’s perfectly trained. Maybe your lifestyle meets this breed’s needs, or maybe not.
First of all, ask yourself why you want to own one.
Is it for protection for your house and/or children?
To be upfront, no dog breed on this planet will put up with being alone all day and then being the supreme guardian without any training once somebody approaches the house.
We don’t want to train a dog to be aggressive either, so it’s a balancing act.
Besides evaluating your free time, financial situation, and willingness to learn, you should also decide on what size, coat type, temperament, and exercise needs you’d like to see in your dog.
This will help you narrow down which breed would work best for you.
Many of the best guard dog breeds for first-time owners are quite popular choices in general.
The Doberman is one of them as this breed intrigues veterans as well as newbies.
Why? Well, not only because these breeds have been bred to be attentive, loyal, and protective.
There’s just more research on breeds like the Doberman, you’ll get better consults from dog trainers who’ve had this breed before, and there are forums or other places to talk to other dog owners.
While looking imposing to strangers (don’t ask me why, it’s a really slender dog in reality), the Doberman is easier to handle when compared to breeds like the Rottweiler who can easily weigh 20-30 pounds (10-14kg) more than their counterpart of the same gender, despite the Dobi being taller most of the time.
Another black and tan contender, the Beauceron is not as common as other breeds on this list but still a good guard dog.
The Beauceron needs plenty of exercise but luckily, they’re relatively easy to train.
These dashing companions are quite sensitive and pretty reserved with strangers.
A firm but fair leader is the key to success when training the Beauceron to be your first guard dog.
Boxers are fun, loving, and sometimes pretty silly dogs.
However, they’re quite athletic and their bark can scare off any potential intruders.
Check this growth chart to see how fast Boxers really grow up and yet they never get too big to handle for most people.
When out and about with the family, these dogs are not hyper-alert most of the time and can easily relax.
Once frightening situations arise, a confident and well-bred Boxer is always there to stand his ground.
The Boxer is a good guard dog breed for first-time dog owners since it’s consistently among the top 10 most popular dogs in the US.
4. Appenzeller Sennenhund
This dog resembles the Bernese Mountain Dog but instead of being quite gentle, they can be fierce barkers and very good at alerting.
Make sure you know how to train your dog to bark (or rather, how to be quiet) and get ready for plenty of exercise.
The Appenzeller Sennenhund can accompany you on the bike, long hikes in the mountain or just relax with you and a good game of tug of war in the garden.
5. German Shepherd
The German Shepherd. You probably knew this breed would surface in a list for first time owner guard dogs.
Sadly, I personally see more and more German Shepherds with extremely sloped backs, or other health issues.
When bred well, the German Shepherd is a super confident and loving family dog. It’s one of the favorite breeds for families around the world.
However, be prepared for lots of training as well as being able to select a well-tempered dog that fits your lifestyle.
GSDs come in a wide range when it comes to temperament so training plus socialization, as always, is your way to success.
6. Giant Schnauzer
You may not find this breed particularly imposing (despite them kind of having the big black dog syndrome) but they’re good guardians for property.
The Giant Schnauzer’s size alone might be intimidating for strangers.
These tough working dogs were originally bred in Bavarian Alps around the 1850s to drive cattle from farm to market as well as guard dogs.
Once railroads extinguished their working purpose, they graduated on to the European police/military.
Nowadays, they’ve been replaced by other breeds but still have the guardian instincts.
7. Staffordshire Bullterrier
History has a dark side when it comes to this breed.
Luckily, breeders nowadays focus on sweet-natured Staffie with many owners describing them as real clowns.
These dogs are not as tall as other Pitbull-type dog breeds, but they still have the massive head of a Bulldog and the spirit of a Terrier.
Everybody who knows this breed knows not to mess with them.
Read more about the Pitbull-type breeds and their differences.
If raised properly with kids, they can have a real sweet spot for children.
However, they tend to be easily overexcited jumpers and need the right guidance from puppyhood on.
8. Black Russian Terrier
With up to 140 pounds (64 kg) and 30 inches (76 kg) these dogs can reach a humungous size.
If you’re a first time guard dog owner, the Black Russian Terrier might be worth a look if you put in the time for identifying a reputable breeder.
The naturally aloof Black Russian Terrier might give off Poodle meets Schnauzer vibes but they’re a heavy-boned dog bred for guarding and protecting.
I know, these fluffballs don’t exactly look intimidating. But trust me, this dog breed can be fierce.
Stemming from the ancient Japan, this breed is mostly used as family protector on his home turf.
Their double coat means that you probably have to brush them daily and be ready for a lot of fur around the house.
A healthy diet can help with preventing excessive shedding, but there’s no way around it if you go with this breed.
Make sure you read about the needs of such an ancient dog breed since they might not be the easiest dog to raise on this list.
10. Boston Terrier
Are you a first time guard dog owner looking for a smaller guard dog?
The Boston Terrier might be right for you.
Nope, this is not the dog if you’re looking for real “protection”, but they do fend off strangers lurking around the house.
These dogs can have a fierce bark and a strong personality that allows them to approach dangers confidently and sometimes that’s enough.
Luckily, Boston Terriers have a pretty good lifespan if they’re selected carefully and properly taken care of.
Check this article to be amazed by the range of Boston Terrier colors.
Which Guard Dog is Best for First Time Owner?
Let’s expand on how you can find the perfect guard dog for you personally as a first time owner from the ten breeds listed above.
Looking for a stable and popular dog companion? Go with the Doberman or the German Shepherd.
Looking for something extraordinary? The Beauceron, Giant Schnauzer, or Black Russian Terrier might be your top choice.
Looking for a medium-large dog that is easier to handle and yet a fun companion?
The Boxer, Appenzeller Sennenhund, and Staffordshire Terrier just called.
However, be aware that every guard dog will only be as good as the knowledge you accumulate beforehand, even as a first time owner.
- Every guard dog needs socialization, training, and exercise
- Don’t encourage excessive behavior as it can backfire
- Never attempt to start protection training at home without supervision
- Avoid relying on your dog for protection (it’s good to deter strangers, but rarely the ultimate safety mechanism)
- Evaluate whether or not you have the time, money, and knowledge to raise a big powerful dog
You can certainly learn a lot of stuff but the reason why I haven’t listed the Rottweiler despite me personally getting one as first dog is that I was willing to learn before getting my pup. A lot.
If you do your research, nearly any breed can be your first dog (apart from rescues with extreme behavior issues perhaps) but nearly all of us will make mistakes and some mistakes can be pretty serious.
Having a guard dog as your first dog is no joke, so please do your research and follow the guidelines for a healthy and confident guardian.