It is not always easy to determine if your dog may be sick or in pain.
The reason for that developed from their roots as wolves. Just like many groups, packs or herds, sick and weak animals have a high risk of getting killed and being abandoned from their group.
So animals that are hurt or sick will only show signs when it is practically too late for them.
As we have domesticated dogs for so many years, we can better tell if our companion is not feeling so well.
The best way to quickly cure any illness is by noticing early signs and taking your dog to the vet. For this, here are 8 alarming signs your dog may be sick.
1. Taking Distance
Your dog might be ill if he starts to retreat to his crate, dog bed or another room when he normally would lie near the family.
If he should be active and playful and is instead avoiding activity and interaction that may indicate that he is not feeling very well.
2. Breathing Issues
Every dog owner knows that snoring can get really intance when their pet is sleeping.
But there are many signs that you should be looking out for that may be caused by a respiration illness.
Symptoms include coughing, load breathing, gagging, and nasal discharge. You have to seek a vet immediately if the gums and tongue of your dog are more blue-ish whereas they should be pink.
If the poop of your dog doesn’t contain any solid texture and is watery then your dog is suffering from diarrhea.
Diarrhea should be checked with your vet to determine if it is caused by digestive problems or something else.
I always treat and prevent light diarrhea symptoms with lactose-free and low-fat yogurt.
The next day my dog is diarrhea free. You can also add coconut rasps for the taste and health benefits.
4. Less or No Appetite
Dogs love food more than anything. If there have been no changes in his food, daily schedule or circumstances and your dog refuses to eat then he might be ill and should be checked by a vet.
5. Runny and Cloudy Eyes
If your dog is constantly scratching himself, has diarrhea, dry skin and runny eyes then you could have an autoimmune reaction or other health issue.
Just like humans, dogs can also suffer from allergies against dust, pollen, mites or food. A vet can give him an allergy test to determine the cause of this reaction.
Like I said before, dogs just like wolves do not show any signs of pain and it is not an indicator that the pain can’t be bad. He will most likely suffer quietly.
You should get help for your dog if you recognize swelling, fatigue, drooling, growling or pulling away the hurting body part.
Do not give your dog human pain killers as they can be deadly for dogs and rather visit the vet.
7. Dizzy or Confused
If your dog seems to have a problem keeping balance and wanders around aimlessly through your house that is probably an indication for a certain illness.
He can also experience neurological issues that come with
A sudden change in behavior should also concern you as dogs are pretty consistent with what they do and how they react every day.
Either way, a vet should have a look at your dog espacially if it is a very young or very old dog.
8. Dull Coat
The skin and fur of a dog is a great indicator for their health. The more shiny and smooth it is the healthier your dog.
If the coat of your dog is looking dull or even has bald patches which could be cause by parasites or other health problems.
Generally speaking, you should always keep an eye on your dog as nobody knows your dog as good as you do.
If you notice any changes in his body or behavior, go to a vet and consult him first before giving any medication.
How to Treat a Sick Dog
Pay attention to the exact symptoms your dog is showing and when they are occurring. You can also write them down in case you will need them when visiting the vet. Is he eating and drinking? Is he able to urinate and defecate? Does he have a fever or seizures? Is he limping or in pain?
If your dog is vomiting, withhold any food for 12 to 24 hours and see if the symptoms get better. Encourage your dog to drink some water to keep him hydrated and start with small amounts so he won’t throw it up. If your dog didn’t throw up for 24 hours, you can give him some easily digestible food like white rice and cooked chicken for 1-2 days.
You can also add some cheese or yogurt which helps build up the bacteria in the intestine. Split his food into 4 small meals per day and feed him one cup per 10 pounds of weight. So if he weighs 40 pounds, you can feed one cup in the morning, lunchtime, afternoon and evening.
Encourage your dog to rest while he is sick and restrict him from playtime so his body can heal. Do not leave him outside in the backyard and provide him with a comfortable, quiet and warm space inside.
Do not leave him alone at home when he is ill and keep paying attention to his symptoms. Do not hesitate to call your vet when in doubt.
When to Visit the Vet
There are certain symptoms that will require immediate veterinary care:
- Severe vomiting and diarrhea
- Sudden behavior change
- Ingestion of foreign object or toxins
- Broken bones
- Breathing issues
- Not producing urine
- Unable to defecate
- Sudden pain without a trauma
- Refusing to eat or drink for 24 hours
- Red/Swollen gums
- Runny nose or eyes
How to Prevent Your Dog from Getting Sick
You cannot avoid that your dog will get sick some day but there are a few things that are totally preventable that will keep your dog healthy and happy.
Keep your home puppy proof – Restrict your dog’s access to chemical cleaners and other household items that are dangerous for him. Do not spray deodorant or any other chemical in the same room with your dog.
Lock away toxic foods – Do not give your dog access to any type of food or the garbage can. Keep everything behind counters and closed up. There are many beverages that most dog owners don’t know that they are toxic to dogs, like chocolate, avocado, bacon, sugar, raisins, grapes and so much more.
No table scraps – Never feed your dog food from the table. You neither want to encourage begging and it is not healthy for your dog. Most human food is full of fat, oil, and seasoning, so a big no for any dog.
No over the counter medication – Never give your dog human medicine. It will make him sicker and most are extremely deadly. Vets can’t treat your dog as long as pain killers or other medicine is still in the system, so you are putting your dog’s life at risk.