If Your Dog Refuses to Walk – Do This:

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Your dog suddenly refuses to walk and you’re asking yourself what’s wrong.

What’s even worse is when a puppy refuses to walk away from home because they’re young, energetic, and full of life, right?

Going outside is usually the best thing to do for a young pup and many pull strongly on the leash to get around the next corner as quickly as possible.

You might just witness that your dog stops walking and won’t move. Maybe he’s even sitting down all of a sudden and seems like he refuses to walk any further.

This behavior not only seems stubborn but can also become quite dangerous if it happens in the middle of a busy road.

So why does your puppy refuse to walk?

If your dog refuses to walk, it may be due to a medical issue, lack of leash training, too much exercise, or fear, which may require desensitization and counter-conditioning.

Medical Reasons

Before you start worrying about any dog training or behavioral issues, get him checked by a vet. Keep in mind that dogs are masters when it comes to hiding pain.

Pain or trauma should be considered even more seriously if it happened out of nowhere.

A thorough examination of your dog’s body is the easiest way to make sure there are no wounds and no foreign objects stuck in his paws.

If your puppy won’t walk paired with a gait that is not as smooth as usual or if he is limping, that’s another giveaway.

An older dog might experience orthopedic pain from diseases like arthritis and doesn’t want to walk due to the discomfort it causes him.

Do not force your dog to continue on walking unless you have clearly ruled out any medical problems.

There is nothing worse than dragging your dog throughout the walk only to discover that he has been in pain during the whole time.

Boxer dog in fear, surrounded by darkness.
Photo by Jordan Davis

Lack of Leash Training

If your puppy refuses to walk on leash but he’ll happily walk without (which might not be possible due to poor recall, busy streets, etc.) then you might have to take a step back and leash-train your pup first.

Leash manners have to be taught constantly. No dog is born with the knowledge of how to walk on a leash.

Leash training starts with a proper introduction of the leash and collar. If this part is skipped, negative associations with walking may follow which could cause your dog’s refusal to walk.

An ill-fitting collar may lead to discomfort and a heavy leash could become a burden for a toy breed or young puppy (reserve stronger leashes for your grown medium/large-sized dog).

When choosing a collar or harness make sure you read the size instructions and fitting guides carefully. Start by using a short and light leash for better control and training results.

To properly familiarise your dog with the collar and leash you can read the tips outlined in my guide on how to leash train a puppy.

Follow the leash training steps and make sure that your dog has a perfect understanding of how to walk on a leash.

Many times, simple leash training and the right introduction will do the trick. Dogs thrive with clear guidelines and easy-to-follow routines.

If he knows what he is doing, he will quickly gain confidence and be more excited during walks.

To further boost his confidence, make sure sure that he doesn’t struggle with other behavior problems such as separation anxiety, barking, chewing, jumping, etc.

Those are all symptoms of a dog that doesn’t have clear guidelines in his life and is not feeling secure.

If you have a very young puppy that has never been walked outside, start by creating a great leash walking experience inside first.

A puppy that has never seen a leash or collar before might freeze when being restrained for the first time.

Let your puppy walk around the house with the leash on for a few days so he gets used to the weight and feel of it.

Use lots of treats during the process and encourage your puppy with a warm and happy voice.

You should also do the same thing with a rescue dog that had no prior exposure to leash walking.


Dogs are much more sensitive to all the different environmental stimuli, including sounds, smells, people, places and movement.

A dog that didn’t go through socialization training as a puppy will be much more fearful of his environment.

Fear could play a big role in your dog’s refusal to walk. He will demonstrate it with a submissive posture – ears laid back, tail tucked and a crouched body.

Your dog might even seem to breath weird and heavy which is another sign of stress.

The fear will be evident in other situations, for example when unfamiliar guests arrive or loud noises startle him from outside.

You might see that your dog stops in the exact same spot every time because he is frightened of a certain sight or smell.

The trigger might not be visible to you since past experiences may have led to that point.

Try to avoid this place for the time being and find out if your dog feels more comfortable on a different route.

Desensitization and counterconditioning will slowly ease his fear.

Carry a handful of treats during every walk and be prepared to make good associations with your dog’s surroundings.

Restrict your walks to quiet paths at first to avoid overwhelming your dog which could cause him to shut down.

If your dog is scared of something, try to lure him away from the trigger with a treat and comfort him.

Increasing the distance always helps and when you’re ready to approach again, every little step towards the right direction must be rewarded.

Redirecting your dog with simple commands or a toy might also help in certain situations.

Make sure you never reward the fearful behavior though and only reward the calm situations or if your dog bravely approaches something.

Although it may seem comforting, it could reinforce the fear.

Every place you visit and every person or dog you meet should become a pleasant experience for your dog.

Boost his confidence by integrating some bonding time into the day. With you at his side, he will surely become much more confident to conquer any fear.

Recommended Reading: How to Bond With Your Dog

Infographic on five steps to follow if your dog refuses to walk.

Too Much Fun

A dog that just had the best day at the park will be very reluctant to leave the area.

While we love seeing our pooch having fun, this stubbornness can get very annoying especially if you try to call him for the 20th time.

The first thing you should be doing is teaching your dog a very strong recall. Follow the steps on my recall training guide and stay very consistent with it.

Teaching a proper recall will take time and dedication so in the meantime you can use another alternative to get your dog to walk again.

Put your dog on a leash and call him to follow you with whatever command you have taught him. Only use your dog’s recall one single time, if he doesn’t react you just stop.

Restrict any access to his playmates or a nice spot to smell and just wait for him to pay attention to you.

This might take several minutes and you can try to get your dog’s attention by luring his nose with a treat or making sounds with your mouth.

He will eventually understand that you are in charge of deciding which direction to go and he will be rewarded for following you.

Mark every tiny step in the right direction with a click or verbal praise followed by a treat. The more distance you build up the easier your dog will continue walking with you.

Choosing the right gear can also have a big impact. If your dog’s nose is bound to be on the ground all the time then buying the Halti Head Collar will provide you with maximum control over your dog’s head.

Too Much Exercise

If your dog always starts to lay down on the way back from your walk, consider that the route might have been too long.

Especially puppies shouldn’t walk until total exhaustion in the first few weeks. Playtime is much more crucial at this point for a puppy so why not get your pup a brain game?

Puppies are satisfied with exploring their environment and playing. Their joints are not connected yet and too much exercise will lead to orthopedic problems later in life.

Similarly, older dogs or those that just aren’t in perfect shape (shelter dogs, for example) may have problems keeping up.

Dog laying on the bed exhausted.
Photo by Ryan Stone

How to Stop Dragging Your Dog on the Leash

You have already learned a few tips and tactics that you can use to get your dog to walk again.

Most dogs stop during walks all the time because they want to sniff everything. If your dog doesn’t stop out of fear or medical reasons, then he just doesn’t want to go the way you want to.

A quick fix that works a lot of time is just picking up the pace in very interesting locations.

That way, your dog won’t even have time to think about jumping into a smelly bush and you’re not rolling your eyes and screaming “Why won’t my dog walk!” again.

Proper leash training will definitely eliminate a lot of these problems but the best way to conquer any leash-related problem is by just stopping and standing still.

No dog wants to just sit there, he will eventually start to sniff or walk into other directions, even if it takes some time.

By just stopping right where you are and restricting access to any of his desires, you will show your dog that the only right way to walk is beside you.

The second he walks toward you, reward him with a yummy treat and continue walking.

You will probably have to repeat this step a few times depending on how often you have reinforced this behavior in the past by giving in to your dog.

Dogs have a natural tendency to lean against any pressure or force applied from the other end of the leash. So trying to drag your dog down the road will make it much more difficult for you.

On the other hand, it’s very hard for dogs to manage sideways pressure, so that may be easier for you to keep him going.

Teach your dog the good association of a reward that comes when the leash hangs loose.

Also, choose one side that your dog should always be walking on, this will eliminate sudden pulling.

My Puppy Refuses to Walk Away from Home

A young puppy gets overwhelmed by his environment incredibly quickly.

He just got separated from his mother and littermates and is now supposed to live with complete strangers in a new home.

He will try hard to adjust to the new place but leaving home too early might be daunting to him.

Take your time and be very patient with a young puppy. Don’t expect him to jump outside into a busy city with lots of people and loud noises.

Never ever force a young puppy to go outside if he doesn’t want to. Rather show him how lovely the world can be by engaging in play and luring him with treats.

Start in a quiet and controlled environment like a backyard where he can take plenty of time to explore.

A puppy knows when he is ready to take the next step.

If you go too fast you will have to live with the consequences for the rest of his life that could include fear, reactiveness and possibly aggression.

Your home should be a fun place to be. He doesn’t have to walk far away to be able to explore. A combination of compassion, treats and patience will solve this problem.

Rescue Dog Doesn’t Want To Walk

You might have heard of the 3-3-3 rule, let me refresh it for you.

  1. This rule states that your dog will be overwhelmed by his new environment in the first 3 days. Don’t worry if he refuses to walk or even eat, total shut down or heightened challenging of your leadership is possible too.
  2. After 3 weeks, your dog will start to get used to his new surroundings and family. Use that time to bond with him, leash-train and you should be good. Refusal to go for walks could be signs of an underlying behavioral issue.
  3. The full 3 months have gone by and your dog has settled in. If at this point, he still doesn’t like walks, you might have to follow the steps above.

If you’ve got a problem and think your dog doesn’t like going for walks, maybe you’ll find an answer in the comments.

If not, feel free to drop a comment and I’ll get back to you asap!

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In love with dogs, their behavior and psychology. I am writing on this blog since February 2019 to provide you with valuable information on everything dogs. When I am not working on my blog, I study research articles and enjoy the time with my beloved Rottweiler Amalia.

109 thoughts on “If Your Dog Refuses to Walk – Do This:”

  1. Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you post again soon.

  2. My Yorkie is 6 and in the past she has had the odd day when she didn’t really want to walk but treats seem to do the trick. Other than that she has enjoyed walks. Just recently in the cold and the odd air bang going off in nearby farmers fields, she just flatly refuses to go. Do I let up on walks till it gets warmer or make her walk. She just doesn’t seem to enjoy it. I can lure about 100 meters then she just sits and as soon as I head home she walks back quickly. Really stuck as she isn’t a puppy, there’s nothing wrong, she just doesn’t want to walk 😢

    • Hello Kate,

      first of all, we have to discern whether your dog doesn’t want to walk due to the cold or sound.

      When your Yorkie refused to walk in the past, was that during summer or winter? And did she seem especially startled due to the bang and thus started this behavior or did this evolve over the last walks during winter?

      If it was winter when it happened before and now your dog doesn’t wanna walk below certain temperatures, she might just be too cold and the sound makes her even more uncomfortable. You could solve this if you get her a warm and cozy dog coat. Also, you could do extra fun things outside like playing with her favorite toy, going to new places and, of course, giving her favorite treats. Fact is that she needs to be walked. Dogs don’t determine the schedule, we do and your dog needs the physical exercise/mental stimulation (picking up all the scents for example).

      If it happened in the summer before (maybe even with other occurrences/sounds) and you think it was a drastic change in behavior, you might want to dive into how you can desensitize sounds. If the problem persists or gets even worse, you might want to check your dog with the vet to rule out any medical problems.

    • I have the same problems with my Lhasa. She’s 4 and us suddenly stopped walking. She’s stops regularly on walks. No idea how to get past this. Have tried treats but she’s not orientated to them outdoors. If she doesn’t want to walk then she won’t.

  3. Hey Danielle,
    Thanks for coming back so quick.
    So, there’s no real pattern to her not wanting to walk in the past it’s been hot and cold. For sure, she hates the rain so we do skip walks on those days. I did buy Bo a super cosy coat and that’s not made any difference. She is more than happy to go out in the garden when it’s cold without the coat.
    I do think it might be the quite a lot to do with the noise thing. She is terrified of fire works and the bangs in the fields do sound like that so I guess that might be a big part of the issue. If we see another dog when we are out walking she gets excited and wants to say hello and forgets that she doesn’t want to walk so some times I walk with a friend and that does seem to help. Obviously that’s difficult at the moment. She needs serious bribing with treats until we get to my friend and then she fine and forgets she doesn’t want to walk.
    As we have been walking on our own it’s got much worse. She does love my friends dog and my friends dog mothers her (very cute).
    So if it is the noise, how do I fix that? I would go through sooo many treats trying to bribe her to walk even 1/2 a mile!!!! Any suggestions?
    Thanks for the support xx
    Kate and Bo

    • Hi Kate, if your Yorkie Bo is really scared of sounds, you have to work on desensitization. You can start doing this by playing firework noises, for example.

      While doing this (or during walks) it’s important that you do not comfort her as this may cause reinforcement. We often want to show our dogs everything is okay and give her a pat on the back but this may signal your dog “Oh, she likes it when I’m fearful!” and we don’t want that.

      You shouldn’t get angry either, it’s very important to stay calm. So, if it happens outside, just sit that moment out. If she’s on the leash and she wants to race home, stand your ground (but don’t drag her with you). The more fearful she is, the more time she might need to come down, even if that means waiting 10 minutes.
      If it’s extreme, calmly remove her from the situation.

      But as always, it’s hard to diagnose from a distance and evaluation needs to be up to you. If she’s a little scared but it doesn’t seem to be a biggie, just keep walking and show her through confident body language that there’s nothing to be afraid of. Let her investigate if she wants to, just don’t force anything on her.

      The thing about your friend’s dog: If she’s motherly, it might be that Bo just needs confirmation that she’s safe and this dog gives it to her. Does the excitement persist with stranger’s dogs or only with this particular one? If so, take that dog with you on walks and try to go someplace loud etc. because that might create good connections. You could create that same relationship through bonding even closer to your dog so she’ll feel even safer with you than with any other dog – more on that in this post.

      If the behavior consists, you might want to think about going to a local dog trainer/behavior consultant – if (s)he’s any good. Hope this will help!

    • Hey Kate – I have a Mexican rescue who has been with me for nine months now, and she has just started to exhibit this behavior – it started with fireworks at Xmas, and now she won’t go more than four yards in any direction UNLESS there’s another dog involved! It’s getting increasingly worse and frustrating for both of us. Did you and Bo find a solution? Sorry to contact you via this website, but there’s not a lot of info out there on this. If you don’t mind emailing me at [email protected]. Cheers!

      • Hey Lorrie, just approved your comment but wanted to let you know that your email is visible for everyone. Let me know if that’s not okay with you and I’ll write you an email.

        Really sad that fireworks still cause so many dogs fear (not great for the environment either). Hopefully this article and/or comments can help. Feel free to ask if you have any questions!


  4. I need help! I have a 2 year old Kelpie who loves going for walks but will only stick to our regular route. He will not go now any other streets in our neighbourhood to extend the wall. This has only been happening for the past few weeks as I use to take him for larger walks. Do you have any suggestions??

    • Hey Kirstin,

      since you say that this has only been happening for the past few weeks, this probably has to do with the extended walks. Maybe your Kelpie has his regular route memorized and wants to walk exactly this route.

      It could be due to him being unsure about the new route (if you’ve walked the old route exclusively) or he just doesn’t have the stamina (depending on age/health it might not be a stamina problem but a “couch potato problem”). Another possibility would be something more abstract like him smelling another dog in heat/seeing a squirrel some time ago if he’s prey-driven) and he wants to regularly check the same spot – there would be signs that he’s overly excited/determined until he gets there.


  5. Hi Danielle,

    Thank you for your great article.

    I have a 7 month old bulldog. She loves running and walking, however, about 2 weeks ago she decided otherwise. She refuses to walk with me, she almost seems scared and tries to run back home. If my boyfriend walks her, she has no issues and walks. Do you have any tips as to what might be going on? I’ve tried treats, toys and getting her excited.

    Thank you for your time,

    • Hey Jess,

      first of all, I always recommend to make sure it’s not a health-related problem and no fear issue – did something happen to your bulldog while you were walking her? Maybe she met a scary dog, was extremely startled by a noise or something? She might connect that experience with you walking her although it could be no fault of your own at all.

      If that’s not the case, it might just be that your bulldog has a “stronger” bond with your boyfriend. Could this be the case? Who primarily trains and takes care of her? Even though you might be the primary carer, your boyfriend could be more of an authority figure and thus your dog places more trust in him even though he’s not really her trainer. That’s no problem at all and can be fixed. Check out this article on bonding.

      Puppies generally have two fear stages when growing up and need a lot of reassurance and confidence-building so that they can grow up to become a well-adjusted adult dog. It’s normal for your bulldog to go through these and it’s important that you’re persistent in walking her and exposing her to new environments.


  6. My puppy is 10 weeks. He’s an Australian Shepherd. We were taking him on two 10min walks a day. He would walk wonderfully. Very eager and wouldn’t pull. But he’ll only start doing this once the house is out of site. We have to carry him out of site of the house for him to even move from the street we are on. Previous to this week and a half we didn’t have to. We probably started waking him at 7 weeks.
    Now he full on refuses to walk anywhere.. unless it’s the direction back to the house.
    I’ve tried everything .. Food lures, Leash work, positive reinforcement, affection, toy rewards.. better treats..

    I’m not sure what happened. Or if he’s just being very stubborn. He’s not limping and he’s paws have been inspected. He runs around and walks happily in the yard.

    Any ideas?


    L & Waffles

    • Hey Lauren,

      thanks for writing here :). Your Aussie Waffles is very young with 10 weeks and it’s perfectly normal to have phases like this. Especially with puppies, is there any fear-related reason why he doesn’t want to walk, meaning did anything negative happen to him?

      It could be that your pup formerly learned that the house is his safe/fun space and that’s why he refused to walk when you were near the house. It means that your pup is just testing you a bit and if the hosue is out of sight, it’s out of his mind. I’d guess that the walks may have not been fun enough; have you started this positive reinforcement work with treats, toys etc. after he started this behavior of not going at all or did you start when he refused to go around the house? If you started late, you may have to get that habit out of him first.

      In that case, it would be learned behavior and if you reinforced that not wanting to walk means getting back inside, then he might just employ this tactic again. It’s important to differentiate if your pup’s stubborn or scared.

      Try taking him to places with your car and see if he displays the behavior there (he can’t walk back to the house from a brand new place, that is for sure). Definitely don’t slack with socialization (check the linked article on the importance of puppy socialization if you’re interested) and that means new people/dogs/places/ground textures etc.

      Let me know if this helped,

      • Hi Danielle,

        Thanks for writing back to me!

        A quick update.. my puppy is now 12 weeks today.. he is really just stubborn and trying to own the situation rather than follow my or my boyfriends lead during the walk.

        I have been more patient with him though. If he plunks his bottom down and decides not to move I then stand there with him and wait until he goes to move and once he does that I continue to guide him the way I want to go and he some what complies. He is a work in progress but we’ve been able to see progress so that’s what’s important! He actually now takes the initiative to cross the street away from the house on his own! We then get very excited and praise him.

        We also took him to a location away from the house, a public pathway, he did amazing and really walked great! He rarely plunked down unless it was because he wanted to people watch or was a little warm. Otherwise he was great!

        So we are working with being consistent and praising and encouraging when he does leave the house area and is eager to go!

        Thank you for your help and insight!

        Lauren & Waffles

        • Hi Lauren, thanks for checking in with your pup Waffles. Sounds like you’re making progress big time. Stay on it. I know how you feel, we’ve all been there and just gotta pull through training!

          Have a great day,

  7. I have a 1 year old lab. When i take him for a walk, if I try to go in a different direction or go the same route but in reverse, he becomes very panicky and will stop and look in the opposite direction. If I get him going again he usually looks around fearfully. I try not to pull him but sometimes he will stop in the middle of the street. He’s never been a particularly willing participant in walks ( I did get him when he was 6 weeks old).

    • Hi Fran,

      if you say your 1-year-old Lab was never particularly fond of walks, what have you tried to make them appealing to him (treats, toys, meeting other dogs, swimming etc.)? Is he a low-energy dog or does he just love doing other activities until exhausted? Normally, Labs (especially this young) are quite energetic and demand walks more often than their owner would like them to. Try to use his favorite treat/toy if you haven’t already, that often does the trick.

      Also, his regular route seems to be less of a hassle compared to a new route or the same in reverse. The latter could mean that your dog is too used to patterns. If so, this should be noticeable around the house (same feeding time/spot, same familiar dogs, etc.) and generally prone to adapt poorly to new environments.

      To fix this, you can switch things up more often and confidently walk new routes with him. Be aware not to treat in the wrong situations (when he stops, for example) as this will only reinforce his reluctant behavior. Sometimes, pulling him along is not a bad thing because it establishes you as the leader and shows him that he’s going to walk regardless. Always evaluate if he’s fearful in which he case he shouldn’t be pulled along except for getting him out of that situation.

      Which brings us to his panicking. Paired with the pattern, it’s a classic sign that you might want to refresh his socialization (sounds, dogs, people etc. especially if his normal route is pretty calm) as well as your bonding – I’ve linked you both articles.

      Your dog is still in socialization anyway, medium-large breeds develop until at least 2 years old. Although tailored to the breed Cane Corso, you can read more about the second fear imprint of your Lab here.

      Let me know if this helped,

  8. Hi Danielle…. we are having the exact same issue with our 16 week old Cavapoo Fletcher. He doesn’t fight us when the harness goes on and seems keen to walk but only gets a few steps out of the house and he sits. He will walk for a bit and then stop….repeat over and over and we never get too far. He doesn’t seem sacred or timid at all and simply looks around. He’s very interested in bikes, people, cars etc and seems well “socialized” in that regard in this pandemic era where he hasn’t been able to do any puppy training etc. When we come home it’s the opposite. He doesn’t pull but walks beautifully and rarely stops. We have used different treats that do help to love him along but he will stop even with those available. Today we drove to another location away from the house and he was marginally better but still stopped. Interestingly enough, he walked way better back to the car!! He has never been to this area nor does he have a compass to know which way was “home”…..lol…..any suggestions??? It’s so tough figuring this out on our own without professional training and socialization first him and we hope he hasn’t been “scarred” by all of this isolation. Thanks so much…..

    • Hey Rob,

      since you mentioned your Cavapoo doesn’t seem scared or timid at all, I would say that this is typical puppy behavior. A lot of puppies are interested in everything and everybody and that’s a good sign, you should encourage him to check out stuff if he’s not scared. A big part of socialization (which I’ve linked here for you) is just sitting down and letting your puppy observe crowds of people, other dogs, noises and so on.

      The fact that he will only follow your treats part of the time can be due to his short attention span which is also totally fine for Fletcher since he just hit the age of 4 months. Generally, poodles are quite trainable (although it’s always hard to determine with mixed-breeds) but I’m sure he will come around soon.

      When you say your dog walked way better back, he might not have known the area but as soon as he walked the path, he probably memorized the way back. Either that or Fletcher has a built-in compass if you walked a different direction back to the car :).

      Here you can check out my link on things I wish I knew before getting a puppy. It features a couple of topics with significance in regards to the current events (re: separation anxiety, for example).

      Let me know if I can help with anything else,

  9. Hey so I just found this post because my 1 and a half year old dog has stopped wanting to walk with me. I’d follow a bunch of these steps but the main issue is she has no problem walking with her grandparents or uncle. But me her owner, play with her, sleep with her, feed her she doesnt want to walk with me. When we are home everything is normal we play have fun and all that

    • Hey Brandon,

      first of all, I’d suggest asking your grandparents/uncle how they walk your dog. How is their relationship with your dog inside the house?

      Second, I’d just go for a walk with them and see how the dog behaves when they walk the dog and you just observe.

      Does she feel uncomfortable due to your presence or is she happily walking with them?
      Does she walk with you when your uncle is just present?

      As always, maybe something happened to your dog while you walked her (this can be as much as a dog attack or as little as an extremely startling noise). Otherwise, it might be that you’ve reinforced your dog not walking in the past means going back home.

      After you answered the above questions, I’d be happy to give you further advice!


  10. Hi, this is so useful!

    We have a two year old rescue dog who has lived in a (loud) shelter his whole life. When we first brought him home, he was happy to go on walks around a nearby lake/garden area, however a little timid around dogs. A week or so in, he is now excited to get ready for a walk but stops when we leave the small area surrounding our building. If he manages to go a little further, he will stop multiple times on the walks. So far, we have tried using treats, however he can take or leave these. And have taken to stopping and waiting where he does for around 5 minutes before trying to move on, or if just outside the house, we tend to sit for 10-15 minutes so he still has outdoor time.

    We know rescue dogs take a little time to settle in and this is part of his journey, we want him to feel safe and trust us, yet also want him to be able to enjoy walking which I’m sure he’d love.

    Just wanted to check in that this sounds like the right thing to be doing? Or if you have any advice for us with a rescue dog?

    • Hey Hannah,

      kudos to you for rescuing that dog and saving him from a life inside the shelter!

      You’ve probably heard about the 3-3-3 rule with rescues, they tend to be more comfortable after three weeks but only show their real capabilities, interests, strengths (and sometimes issues) after 3 months. As it sounds, he’s just 1 week in so no problems there, give him time and space :).

      Always evaluate your dog’s body language and don’t overwhelm him with new places/many new dogs. Even a seemingly well-adjusted dog that lived with dogs all his life can be overwhelmed by all the new stimuli and that’s where people/dogs get bitten. He needs time to get to know you are his new forever family and the best thing you can is bonding with him and building trust.

      Feel free to use the methods I explained in this article and make walking great with his favorite treats (did you try toys?) and gently push him further if he’s not too afraid. Distances will increase and you can soon work on socialization, introducing new places/textures/etc.

      Switch things up with play inside your yard or teaching your dog new tricks, use snuffle mats, hide-and-seek and so on to tire your dog mentally.

      I’m sure you’ll do well!

      • Hi Danielle,

        Thank you for your advice and suggestions! We will definitely try tiring him out at home too, whilst giving him time to discover his surroundings.

        Reggie has begun to come to us on walks, if we stop a few feet away, so it seems he is bonding with us gradually! We have toys at home, however it doesn’t seem that he understands how to play with them yet, or perhaps if he is allowed to. We will definitely try taking some out with us over the next few weeks.

        Thanks again,

  11. Hi Danielle, thanks so much for this post. We are having a similar issue to some of the others on here. Mylo is nearly 14 weeks – initially he seemed to like going out, although hasnt ever loved walking away from the house. We moved house 10 days ago and since then he wont leave out drive. The road is slightly busier.
    As a puppy he definitely seems to have a more nervous disposition. If we drive anywhere then he always seems happy to walk, and once he reaches a destination he runs about and when we are walking home he is amazing!
    Is there anything we can do to help him?

    • Hi Lisa,

      with 14 weeks, Mylo is still a pup and this fear period is totally normal. However, you should guide your dog through socialization (especially if he has is a nervous character) and be an overall great, calm leader for him. Moving can be so hard for puppies – imagine living 8 weeks just to move into your new home and then move again after a couple of weeks – adjustment periods are completely normal.

      Feel free to tire your dog out with enough playtime and teach new tricks, etc. and if he makes good experiences outside, the rest will come. Your thought of bringing him to new places is spot on. That behavior should transfer to normal walks. Encourage him but don’t be pushy, your pup will thank you later on. Use this time to bond with him as much as you can!


  12. My Daschund loves to walk if we drive to any location. She gets excited and will walk eagerly for miles but she refuses to walk from the house. She just sits and refuses to budge. Any advice?

    • Hello Bella,

      have you tried the steps above? There’s a section about your exact problem :).

      It could be due to negative experiences on walks near the house or a feeling of uncertainty (most common with puppies – they want to get back to the house/safe-haven but once it’s out of sight, it’s not on their mind anymore). Maybe it’s just not exciting enough for her and she flourishes in new environments with new smells, etc.

      Also, check out the other readers that commented on here, the problems resemble each other more often than we might think.


  13. Thank you so much for these ideas! I have a rescue that I have had for 2 years..I took her to my parents house and she refused to walk all week long. When we got home, she again just refuses to walk most of the time. She will get excited at an animal, and her gait seems fine so i don’t think it is medical related. I think she has a lot of fear, but it is so discouraging to have this set back after so much growth! Just last month she would run 2 miles with me. I wonder if there is something I am missing, or could be doing different so that she will want to come along again. I have another do who walks well, and walking the two of them is near impossible with one pulling to go and the pother pulling to stay..but they have always walked together! I don’t understand why this is so sudden.

    • Hi Maggie,

      if your rescue has walked normally before and just started this after getting back from your parent’s house, I wouldn’t worry too much. Your dog may have just adapted poorly to this new situation and now needs an adjustment period to go back to normal again (unless you’re already back for a couple of months – then that should have changed back already if nothing happened to your dog during that time).

      Feel free to check out the steps above and try luring her on walks to make them really fun and exciting.

      You’d be surprised how many dogs suddenly refuse to walk and even more dogs that are bad at adapting to new situations. Bear with your dog, keep that bond strong and you should be fine.


      • Thanks for responding.

        I am not sure what I am doing wrong, exactly. I have tried waiting (sometimes up to 15 minutes), and offering treats. She gets the treat when she walks with me, but then will stop again after she gets her treat. When I first got her, I wrapped her leash around my waist and would walk her that way, and I feel like she has totally regressed and I have to walk her like this to even get down the block. She doesn’t resist as much, however she does tug against me from time to time. I’ve picked her up and carried her a few times, which I doubt helps to much. I really just don’t know what to do.

  14. Great post. We rescued a saluki cross 3 weeks ago, the kennels think she’s 18 months. The first week she happily went on walks. Then she started to refuse to leave the house. The last few days she will leave the house but only go one way and only to the end of the road which is about about 4 houses along. She likes to sniff the grass at the end on the road for a few minutes and then heads back home, quickly. We live in a very quiet area in the countryside so it’s not a busy road, she maybe hears only 1 car if that. She’s very needy indoors, constantly wanting our attention by trying to climb on us. She has plenty of toys and we play with her in the garden. We feel that she needs to be walked to burn off some energy but just won’t go. She doesn’t respond to treat or encouragement when out. Any advice is welcome. Thanks

    • Hi Andrea,

      congrats on the new addition to your home! If you check the end of the article, I’ve covered rescues and the 3-3-3 rule there. Some dogs need longer to adapt than others.

      Most dogs are quite insecure/shy/etc. during the first 3 days and then start getting comfortable around 3 weeks in (slow, gradual and straightforward process). Other dogs look like they’ve never been anywhere else during the first days and then start showing their true capabilities after a few weeks (this includes behavior issues and can be perceived as sudden change).

      Since you’re three weeks in, your Saluki is still figuring things out but slowly recognises that this may be her forever home. This doesn’t mean that your dog is uncomfortable or anything, maybe she just recognised if she refuses to walk, you’ll stay at home and she’s fine with that since you mention you play there and she loves that.

      I’d recommend to just walk her as long as she’s not fearful. You don’t have to overdo it if she’s physically fine with brisk, short walks for the time being and could rather engage with her in play. Teach your dog a couple of new tricks (linked you an article) or check out these boredom busters. Playtime will improve your bond for sure and that’s what you’re doing during the first 3 months anyway :).

      Good luck!

  15. Hi Danielle, thanks for this post! Our family has a 6 year old Westie. His primary owner is our 79 year old mother who walks very slowly and isn’t very active, however she and Harry have always been able to go for a short walk and a longer one each day. Harry has VERY bad skin issues that made him scratch constantly and lose some hair, plus he gets ear infections – this has gone on most of his life, and he’s now under vet care – recently he also lost some weight, though we think my mom just wasn’t feeding him enough. He’s just a really sad dog these days and we can’t get him to walk or play with toys or do anything really, he just lies on the couch all day – but I know he can run because he chases bikes and joggers (we worry he will nip or bite, this has happened before). If I try to take him out on the leash he just stands there looking sad and won’t move. I don’t want to drag him by the neck and if I give treats to reward forward movement he just eats the treat and then does it again. He’s wise to all the tricks and my elderly mother just can’t be bothered with training, she drags him until he does his business and then goes home. How do we get him to like going for walks again or playing with other dogs or running on the beach? He used to enjoy all these things but now – nothing. As he’s only 6, I worry that he’s not getting enough exercise. We want him to have a happy life again, even with the skin issues? Help!

    • Hey Alexandra,

      with only 6 years, small breeds are just about to enter the senior stage but yes, he still has exercise needs.

      The thing that might pose the biggest problem is your mother’s unwillingness (or inability due to her own age/health) to start training. How often are you taking care of the dog? He needs one person to focus on – a partner that will bond properly with him and train consistently (although every person that’s taking care of him needs to stay consistent because otherwise, he’ll just start ignoring your mother if she allows him stuff, even though you train him not to do something). He may have just figured out what works on your mother and consistent training is necessary to show him that the old tricks won’t work anymore.

      Not to step on any toes, but if your mother forgets to feed him sometimes (depends how often really) and he chases bikes/joggers and even nips them, somebody should step in or at least help with taking care of Harry.

      For the actual problem: If treats, toys, and nothing else helps it may be because he has nobody he bonded closely with. Dogs love going for a walk with their favorite person but a bond can only be strong if that person provides clear rules and boundaries because then the communication is 100% clear.

      Unfortunately, dragging won’t solve anything and may make him dislike walking even more.

      I’d recommend that you and your mother incorporate bonding sessions into each day which can be really small things as you’ll read in my post. Other ideas that help with bonding + mental exercise are teaching a couple of simple tricks or getting your dog new toys to play with (you may even notice that he is into toys – just not the toys you’ve thought. Some dogs love balls, frisbees, tugs, chew toys, plush toys, it’s all about texture!).

      With that, you may be able to get him love walking again as well as tire him out mentally (extremely important) and physically. Is he into play sessions with other dogs or is he generally not interested in them? If he is, schedule play sessions like you’d do with a puppy.

      A tired dog is a happy dog, but not if he’s tired out of boredom and lack of mental exercise. Fortunately, this is an easy fix if we humans are willing to change that.


  16. Hi there!
    We have a very sweet 3 year old rescue pitt lab mix who has been home with us for 3 weeks. She is pretty good on leash and does not seem fearful of walking (and we saw the vet recently and got a clear bill of health so no apparent physical issues) but is increasingly resistant to do anything out of the house unless BOTH of us are present. If only one of us takes her out she will sit down and more or less refuse to go. I can get her to come (though only in small spurts) with a firm come and treats but my husband has slightly less luck with this. If both of us take her out she is happy to go for a walk or play/train in the yard. I know about the 3-3-3 rules but wondering if this is something to address now or wait and see how things stand after 3 months? Any suggestions?

    • Hi Jen,

      if you ruled out any physical issues, your next step should be making sure that fear is really no factor for your Pit/Lab mix. The fact that her unwillingness to walk is just increasing says it’s not fear, but manifested fear isn’t always showing right away – that’s what the 3-3-3 rule is for. Even if a rescue seems fine, issues can suddenly turn up after 3 weeks or longer.

      That being said, if you’re sure it’s not fear (normal body posture, no laid back ears, submissive position, reactiveness, tail between legs, etc.) then you might just need to do separate walks.

      Does she refuse to walk with either one of you alone or just one particular person? If it’s both, that may just be the way she learned it if you did a lot of walks together (which is normally very good). Keep improving your bond with her (separate as well as together) but include walks alone and just go through the steps above to avoid it becoming a habit. Other than that, time will tell if there’s a real issue or just how she’s comfortable at the moment.

      Make sure your husband does the same training steps as you for a strong release & recall command so she listens to both of you.

      Sometimes we just need to be more engaging and figure out what that particular dog likes (treats/balls/rope toys/etc.).


  17. Hi all,
    I have a 2.5 year old female bulldog who I’ve recently become very frustrated with and I’m hoping you can help?

    Ever since starting to work from home almost 4 months ago, on our walks around the neighborhood but when we start heading in the direction of home, my dog has suddenly started sitting on the sidewalk and refusing to walk. Nothing can move her – not treats, not coaxing, not confident reassurance – nothing. Sometimes we can get walking again if I agree to walk in the opposite direction (away from home) or on an unfamiliar route. There’s times she’s not moved for a half hour or more while I stand there with her leash trying to coax her. It’s horrible and I feel upset she’s doing this to me.

    Any suggestions on why this is happening? For context I live in an apartment downtown and I’m wondering if she maybe doesn’t like going home because she’s confined in a smaller space with me (since I’m now working from home all day instead of my usual 9-5 at the office)?

    Thank you!

    • Hey Lauren,

      it may very well be that your dog doesn’t want to go home but not necessarily because she doesn’t want to be confined with you in a small space, but rather because she might need more exercise.

      It’s perfectly normal to assume that dogs want their own space and sometimes they do but if you have a great bond with your dog and a breed that’s not too independent (e.g. Livestock guardian dogs) then they should love being with you. It’s a common misconception that (large breed) dogs need a big yard, lots of space, and so on and that’s just not true. I have a 100 lbs Rottweiler and she loves being inside but only because she gets enough exercise and stimulation outside.

      Dogs don’t think rationally. Before you were home, she may or may not have been fine with being alone but now she sees the opportunity for more since you’re already at home. Try new toys like flirt poles, frisbees, tug-of-war, or whatever. Also, provide your dog with mental stimulation like teaching her new tricks, building your own super simple Agility course, or puzzle toys. Check out my article on boredom busters if you’re interested in a couple of ideas.

      Be patient with your furry companion and let me know how it goes!

  18. I adopted my wee dog three weeks ago from a Romanian rescue volunteer charity organization. She is a great wee dog and bonded with my husband and I very quickly but she will only go for short walks then wants to go home and she doesn’t know how to play with toys, she hardly ever barks ( although that’s ok for me) we have tried every thing to her to play even take her to my daughters garden to play with her dog, she is very interested but will make no attempt to join in the fun. I know it will take time but I wonder if she is happy!

    • Hey Anne,

      with rescues it’s really important to repeat the mantra of the 3-3-3 rule. It might just take more time for your new pooch to fully settle in.

      How is she behaving on the walks? It doesn’t have to be outright fear, it can just be a certain feeling of discomfort on her new route. Build confidence and keep improving that bond!

      Btw: My Rottweiler came from a great breeder and she’s 2y old and almost never barks – count yourself lucky :). I’ve also fostered a rescue that seemingly didn’t know how to play with toys but they figure it out almost always – just try a variety of toys and different textures. I’ve even made a list of indestructible dog toys as my own dog would love to play all day and if that time comes, you want something durable.


  19. Hi Danielle

    Our 4 year old Poodle Rosie came in from the garden limping about 5 months ago …. Fast forward she has been to see a specialist vet who requested X-Rays. Those X-Rays showed up Grade 1 Patella Luxation and an inflamed ankle with a tendon slipping in and out of its groove … Surprisingly the vet said it was unlikely she was getting any real pain from those two things?? She is definitely feeling something .. If it isnt pain, maybe its a weird feeling?? Whatever it is, she has become fearful of it.

    Anyway, our Rosie is now flatly refusing to properly walk anywhere, apart from around the block where we live. Upon saying that she will not walk directly from the house, but from further around the block when she feels the distance back home is short enough for her. I have bought her a dog buggy which I use to get her away from the house with much success. Sometimes, and when we are near the house, she asks to get out of the buggy, but she will usually ask to get back into it very quickly. When she gets to that certain point on her walk, she tries to jump out of the buggy and always walks very enthusiatically for about 30 minutes back home.

    I can seriously see this never coming to an end, and consider that this is now Rosie forever, so any advice from yourself to help her to overcome this fear would be so much appreciated.

    I would like to say one more thing, and that is before the injury, she was the type of dog that liked to dictate the route of her walk, and “sometimes” I let her have her own way, plus sometimes she wouldnt be interested in a walk at all, just to go to the to the end of the road, go to the toilet and demand I take her home. There is a part of me that feels she has a strange mixture of fear and stubborness .., If thats at all possible??

    • Hi Jaclyn,

      I’m very sorry to hear that your Poodle Rosie is limping. I actually have an article about dog limping, maybe it’s of some help to you.

      What did the vet suggest you do? Grade 1 Patella Luxation doesn’t necessarily mean pain for your dog, neither does it mean that osteoarthritis will occur sometime soon. However, depending on the cause of inflammation these two can correlate. It’s actually normal for dogs with grade 1 to take every third or fourth step and then limp on. Did this happen due to trauma or just develop over age? Did your dog come from a breeder?

      That being said, I’m not a vet and I’d definitely talk to a (qualified) vet to get a second opinion if you’re not sure about the current evaluation in the first place. As far as I know, there are massage techniques to manipulate the Luxating Patella back into place and the right diet will also help support your dog’s body to avoid arthritis or other developing conditions.

      Regarding the walking: It’s important to note if the refusal to walk was already there before this condition or if she already refused just because there were first signs of pain (doesn’t sound like the latter since you’re talking about her “dictating the route” before). Fear & stubborness is definitely possible because fear can make a dog shut down totally but something negative must’ve happened to your dog on the walks.

      I’d suggest you focus on mental stimulation (teaching tricks, interactive puzzle toys, etc.) and take her to places where you know she loves to walk to get her to be compliant. Make walking a great experience with lots of treats. The fact that she seems to jump out of the buggy at some point and then walk 30 mins (without limping?) shows that she’s definitely able to and wants to but she may just need to learn that she has to walk your routes in the long-term, not only hers. If that is the case, it’s a classic case of just training her with positive reinforcement and being persistent with it while handling your dog’s condition and balancing different activities.

      I’m sure Rosie and you will get through this!

  20. Hello!

    I have a golden that just turned 6. We’ve moved around a lot and have always been very adventurous on our walks. Due to COVID, I am living with my parents until further notice.

    Occasionally before if we started down a street that she knew led to home, she would pull in the opposite direction and try to sit down. But, it didn’t take much to get her to continue on the walk.

    Now, where I am currently living, I choose to stay on a very routine walk. I’m currently in a very small southern town where most people in the neighborhood train their dogs for protection and let them outside off leash. We have already had two violent encounters. Because of this, I choose to stay on a familiar route were I know we won’t be attacked. She does NOT like this. She is constantly stopping and pulling, even to the point of sitting/lying down and refusing to move. We just got back from a walk and about a black away from home I had to pick her up and walk for a few yards to get her moving. (must have been a sight for the neighbors to see a small girl carrying a 60 lb golden retriever haha) She wants to explore new territory and I don’t blame her, but we just can’t here.

    Any tips?

    • Hey Anne,

      I’m really sorry about your current circumstances, no at-home protection-trained dog should be let off-leash on the streets but that’s we gotta deal with for now.

      Refusal to walk due a desire to explore more is definitely better than the opposite due to fear, so congrats on having an adventurous dog! Are you entirely sure it’s due to the routine or could it be that she just feels uncomfortable (especially with the violent encounters) but doesn’t want to go home right away and freezes instead?

      If your dog is just bored, try luring her with her favorite treats or toys. Too many people don’t even try balls, frisbees, tugs or whatever to get their dog moving. Priority for you is to be more interesting than her environment.

      Instead of trying to tire your dog with the walk only, you could teach new obedience commands, tricks, or use puzzle toys and snuffle mats to get your Golden really tired. Just check my linked articles here and you’ll find many opportunities to tire out your dog in other ways.


  21. I have two dachshund both are puppy mill dogs . They are both six years old. They are both scared of everything after the Fourth of July they don’t want to walk on the leash now. Before the fourth they were ok walking with a little fear but with positive reinforcement they would work through it. I have only had the for six months and three months. The are both on some anxiety medication it help a little bit anything I can do to help them feel more safe.

    • Hi Bob,

      great for these two that you rescued them! With 6y they should’ve seen some fireworks already if they weren’t locked away before (as it often happens in puppy mills, sadly). If you know that that’s the source of fear, you can start by desensitizing them to the sound.

      Just start playing it on your laptop or whatever and create a positive association with treats, toys, etc. Remember not to reinforce negative behavior (fear, shivering, tail between legs) with pets – that’ll only make it worse. Be confident and calm and just guide them through this little exercise.

      Besides anxiety meds (which should only be given under veterinary supervision), there are options like a Thundershirt. Just gradually expose them to walking again and keep going with treats or toys. It’s a process. You may have to walk them separately if you notice that one gets the other extremely riled up when he’s startled by or reacting to something.

      Hope that helps,

  22. I rescued a dog 5 months ago and she has been through a lot before we gave her her forever home. We can never get her to walk. She is completely scared of everything (which is understandable) but she will only walk at 5 am and sometimes after dark. We try to take her outside multiple times a day and she will not move from the steps and tries to run back inside. She will hold her bladder until the next morning since she won’t walk. I need help

    • Hi Shay,

      with the rescue over 5 months ago, the 3-3-3 rule shouldn’t apply anymore, although it can definitely be said that some very sensitive dogs need more time and lots of guidance. Are you improving your bond with her?

      Depending on your dog’s age and breed, lengthy walks are definitely needed. Even if it’s an older small-breed dog, the outdoors will provide stimulation and help with socializing, so definitely don’t skip the walks.

      Have you tried luring with toys, treats? At times when she does want to walk (5am or after dark) make the walk AWESOME. It’s hard if you’re very tired and whatnot but it’s necessary. Although dogs don’t think rational, such behavior patterns can definitely transition to the whole day.

      Other than that, just take her for a walk without any force as far as possible and observe her behavior. Tail tucked between the legs, shivering, very jumpy, sensitive to other people/dogs/noises, etc. and when you know the source, you can work on the real issue.


  23. Hi,
    I have a 4 year old goldendoodle. She loves walks and playing fetch. I’ve also taken her on hikes with no problem. Just recently she started to stop dead in her tracks and won’t budge. On a hike recently, I think the reason for stopping was tiredness, it was a warm day and it was longer than her normal walks. However, I’ve taken her on other walks and I know she wasn’t tired yet she stopped and would not budge no matter what, it was so difficult to get back home. This was on a different path than she is normally used to but not longer. I don’t understand why this started, I used to be able to go anywhere and she was happy just walking along side me. She is really good on and off leash.
    Any other thoughts or suggestions?

    • Hey Brenda,

      has your dog experienced anything negative on her walks? Maybe with a friend or dog walker? With adult dogs that suddenly stop out of nowhere even though they’ve been active before, it’s quite often a negative expereince that impacted them. However, it’s important to note the body language in these cases (signs of fear could be tail between legs, shivering, fixating on something, etc.).

      Could also just be that your dog just figured out it’s cooler to hang out at home. In that case it always helps to make walks more attractive with toys, treats, and so on. We want to associate walking with something positive.

      As you already ruled over-exercising out, maybe you can switch things up with different types of exercises. Some Agility at home, teaching new tricks, going on some bonding trips where the focus is not solely on walking but the outside experience – these things might also help.


  24. Have 7 year old female Lab. I’m dad in family of five. Our lab is super smart, friendly, outgoing has it all. About year ago she decided she will not walk more than 100yds from our home with either of my 19 year old sons. She had no health problems and is a super well rounded great dog. I have always walked her off the leash (unless traffic around) and she behaves perfectly staying near me and obeys commands very well. She is definetly “my” dog I guess since if in house she always rests near me and puts her head on my feet. Can’t break the problem with refusing to walk with sons. She even snubbed my wife yesterday too for first time. I’m out of ideas? Help!

    • Hey Rich,

      from the way you’re describing it, I’m assuming that your Lab was with you since she’s a pup or at least for several years now?

      Does the problem only exist with your kids or is it possible that she doesn’t want to walk with you either at the moment? If so, health problems or fear-inducing experiences could be the reason why she avoids walking now (even if she walks with you, it could be a bad experience your Lab had while being walked by them).

      If she’s totally fine with you (paired with her “snubbing” your wife), then it might just be the lack of a bond the other family members have with her. You can read more about that in my article about bonding. With a bigger family, it’s important that everybody takes part in training which will make it easier to give your Lab commands and provide boundaries as well as guideliens.

      Although the go-to topic for many people with similar issues is the partially outdated dominance theory, it’s often just miscommunication that can be easily solved with bonding, obedience training, and clear body language.

      Let me know how it goes!

  25. I’ve been walking my 3y/o female black lab for over 2 years.
    Since the 4th of Juky…yes she is sensitive to the fireworks, she has refuse to go for normal walkfrom our home to the park. She will walk the opposite direction, but..if we walk along the lake,she’ll figure it out that we have left the house for a walk.
    She goes to a down position.
    My vet has recommended flomoxomine, but I’m leary with the kidney issue.
    She has calm, docile personality. She does play ball in our backyard.
    I’ve ordered a nylon training leash, and cheese/sausage as the reward for proceeding with a walk…changing direction when she goes down..and hopefully lengthing our walk distance.
    Any additional suggestions would be very much appreciated

    • Hey Kathy,

      I don’t know your exact situation but based on what you’re telling me, it doesn’t sound like your vet went through every possible option before recommending meds (I suppose you meant Fluvoxamine?). I’d never go for meds unless you’ve exhausted ALL options and the anxiety is huge.

      As you said, you’ve just ordered some special treats and a new leash (switching gear alone can actually help in rare instances if it’s connected to a bad experience) which can make a huge difference. You need to build up positive associations for your dog again and luring with special treats/toys can really help.

      Also, make sure you desensitize her to the sounds that trigger fear. Start by slowly exposing her and using positive reinforcement (just avoid rewarding fearful behavior and only positive responses).

      If she goes into a down position, you can go through a couple of obedience commands with her and distract her because that doesn’t really sound like an extremely fearful dog (assuming that the body language is normal). I actually have articles on all these topics from teaching tricks, obedience commands, bonding, etc.

      Let me know how it goes,

  26. Hello,
    My 3 year old rescue (possible a Cocker Spaniel mix) loves walks, but is completely obsessed with smelling everything while on walks. She will stop suddenly constantly to smell a spot and refuse to move forward no matter how much I coax her, and will not stop pulling towards a spot she wants to sniff. I have tried clicker training, playing sniffing games with her before walks and luring her with treats but have yet to see any progress. She just walks with her nose glued to the ground and has already had diarrhea multpile times, most likely from ingesting something dangerous or coming into contact with other dogs’ poop. Any advice would be greatly appreciated.

    • Hi Ella,

      I totally understand what you’re talking about, my Rottweiler girl did the same and to this day, she just loves sniffing. However, you could start your walks structured which means stopping and restricting access if she tries to sniff somethings that’s out of her way. This will reinforce that in order to get to where she wants, she has to look at you and walk properly on the leash.

      I have an article that goes into detail on how to stop your dog from ingesting everything (my puppy did the same, count yourself lucky as long as it’s not other dog’s poop).

      Hope this helps,

  27. My 8 month Greek rescue will not go on a walk from home! She walks a few metres thenjust stops and heads back home. I’ve tried treats. But when I take her in The car somewhere for a longer walk she is fine (once I coax her out of the car). I work 3 days a week from home so cannot always drive for a walk. Suggestions? Does it matter if she doesn’t walk?

    • Hey Frances,

      how long is she with you? If it’s just early stages (see the 3-3-3- rule, I wouldn’t worry too much and just try to go as often as possible, make walks fun and work on your overall bond.

      However, not walking your dog in the long-term will not work. Depending on the breed and energy level, extended walks 2-3 times a day are important. When people try treats, they often don’t use their dog’s favorite, have you tried that? Also, are there any toys she’s crazy about?

      The fact that she likes to walk on other routes speaks for the fact that either something bad happened to her on the regular route (doesn’t sound like it but there can always be subtle situations that infused fear) or that she just loves exploring new places. In the latter case, it’ll help if you make the walks more exciting.


  28. Hello there, I have a 5 month old Carpathian. If one person tries to take him for a walk he will sit and won’t move while on the lead. If more than one of the family goes he is more happy to walk. It’s very frustrating. I guess we need to keep trying to walk him with one person to get familiar but he just won’t move even with treats. He’s medically okay but is a little afraid of the cars at the end of our road. Any advice would be appreciated please.

    • Hi James,

      desensitization will help with the cars. It’s actually quite common for puppies to get used to certain circumstances, it’s just learned behavior. My Rottweiler Amalia always wanted to sleep on the couch instead of her crate/bed as puppy and because we let her, it took some time to get her used to her regular sleeping spot again.

      Don’t worry and just keep walking him for walks alone and make that experience as positive as possible with the steps outlined above :).

      Have a great day,

  29. Hello!
    We’ve had out 4.5-year-old Pembroke Corgi, Lemon, for a week. She is a former breeding dog, who had serious complications with her last pregnancy about a year ago, lost her puppies, and was spade. Her breeder, when we met her, seemed to really love Lemon, but I don’t know how much walking experience Lemon actually had—or whether she spent most of her time in the yard and around the kennel. The day after we adopted Lemon, she was all about going for a walk and walked beautifully (if with a little anxiety, but very minimal). Ever since, she’s grown more and more fearful, and we noticed that if we go for a walk directly from home (as in, we leave the house on foot), Lemon grows more and more reluctant to walk. In fact, this morning, she refused to even leave the driveway. We also noticed that if we take her for a car ride to a different walking area, she does quite well, or she did quite well, until yesterday afternoon, when I took her to a college campus (with maybe 5 students around), and she just panicked at being there and after a while just laid down and that was it. Her paws are okay, and she drinks plenty of water, and we don’t walk her in the heat (we live in New Mexico). She was checked by a vet a few weeks ago (and she was okay), and we have a new vet apointment for a week from now (earliest we could get). Reading your post is very helpful, though I still worry it may be separation anxiety from her former home, maybe, and also fear.

    • Hi Anna,

      even though dogs can have delayed response (that’s why some behavioral issues with rescues can pop up after weeks or even months), it’s more common that Lemon would be more fearful in the first 24 hours. Make sure to work on your bond and you should be golden.

      For the refusal to walk, it could very well be that she wasn’t walked much before in which case you’d have to get her used to all the sounds, sights, and smells. It’s not good at all when breeders don’t walk their dogs, but happens more often than one would think, unfortunately. It’s best to just outright ask your breeder and if your assumption is right, at least you know what you need to work on.


  30. Hi.
    I have a 16 month old pressa canarian dog (mastiff family). I have watched and read many videos, but my dog still won’t react properly. Some days he will walk ok, until he sees a dog, person, running walking whatever. He will just stand and stare for 5-10 mins if you let him. Then when he does walk, will just stop and refuse to walk. Then you get him going and walk home, he will stop dead when close to home, drop to the floor do anything not to go in. The weird part, the next walk he won’t do any of this. Then walk after he will repeat his antics. Any help or tips would be appreciated.

    • Hi Carl,

      did you get him when he was a puppy or is he recent addition to your family? Despite the original purpose, the Presa Canario is also used for various other activities, including guarding and your dog may just be suspicious/curious about what other people are doing.

      My Rottweiler still stares at people, not in a bad sense and not as long (she does plant herself for a couple of seconds or a minute if you let her though) but that’s just what they’re doing, checking their environment and making sure everything is all right.

      Now, I don’t know if that’s the case with your dog too but the stopping and refusing to walk if nothing is around might have different reasons. But it might just be that he doesn’t want to go home because he has other stuff in mind. Try providing your dog with an outlet for his mental needs and make sure his curiosity is satisfied with lots of puzzle/snuffle games, etc.


  31. Hi Danielle,

    We adopted a dog (3years old) 10days ago.
    The dog had always lived in an open space with lots of other dogs (but never lived with people).
    He is settling ok but usually waits for us to go away so can eat and have water.
    He most importantly refuses to walk, and we need to lift him to take him in the park. (he usually does his needs outside).
    I would be greteful for any advice.

    • Hey Dessi,

      that’s quite a fresh addition to your family. I’d just recommend you wait some time and check out the 3-3-3 rule I’ve mentioned on the bottom of the article.

      If your dog didn’t live with humans before, that’s a big adjustment. Gaining trust will also take some time and you should give your dog time and space, you’d be surprised how much dogs can change after a couple of days/weeks/months.

      Try to get him to connect you to the food giver and the person doing good things to him instead of taking stuff away or making him uncomfortable. Give him space when he eats/drinks and don’t stare at him. Slowly decrease the distance. Too many people expect too much progress too early and touch the dog when eating or even placing a hand in their dog’s bowl on day one, I’ve seen it happen.

      Take him to fun places, pack lots of treats and play with him outside. In the meanwhile you can work on your bonding.


  32. Hi our 6 month walks very well on the lead and excellent recall however he only enjoys walks when both of us takes him out. When one of us tries he sits down and doesn’t want to move. How do we overcome this?

    • Hi Chloe,

      although it may seem annoying, it’s nothing to worry about if that’s the only way he expresses this fear of being separated from one of you :). I’d just walk the dog alone from time to time to get him used to that. Pack treats, toys, a long lead and just make the walks alone awesome for him.


  33. We have a 13 week old Bichon mix puppy. We started taking him for walks when he was 11 weeks old and we may have taken him on longer walks than we should have because now he won’t go on any walks. In the beginning he accepted the harness and leash with no problem but now when we pull the leash and harness out he hides in his crate. When we do take him out he only sits or lays down and does not want to leave the yard. He is a very social dog and loves people and children but he now doesn’t want to go for walks. We have tried different harness and leash but still no change. We have let him sniff the leash, put it on him then taken it off and do this over and over again. When we put the harness on he seems fine but then won’t move to go for a walk. We have tried tempting him with treats but he moves only an inch then lays down or sits down. Did we ruin his walking by going to far and if not then what can we do to get him to enjoy walking like he seemed to do in the beginning?
    Also when we were on a walk a very large pit bull down came running over and my husband grabbed our little dog in his arms and told the pit bull”NO”. The owner of the dog said her dog only wanted to lick and say hello to our dog. Our little dog did not appear scared and when we put her down she continued walking. However it was after this time that she started to refuse to walk. Could this have been the trigger for this new behaviour? We could really use some advise for our little guy so he can once again enjoy the walks.

    • Hi Lorraine,

      is there a reason why you only started walking your pup when he was 11 weeks old or was that the time you’ve brought him home? Re-introducing the leash as you described and following the steps above is a very good start. The fact that treats don’t work (yet) is no problem, most puppies have a very small attention span and other stuff outdoors was definitely more interesting for my Rottweiler girl than any treat.

      The situation you described with the Pit Bull could definitely be a trigger, due to the puppy’s fear period. But no worries, this is not irreversible and every healthy puppy should bounce back, especially if nothing happened. Although I generally don’t recommend picking small dogs up, it’s definitely the best solution in potentially dangerous situations. Just staying calm will help make it completely normal for your pup.

      Since your dog is still a puppy, I’d say let him explore more instead of walking. Puppies don’t need extensive walks, rather expose them to the outdoors, people, dogs, etc. and just putting your pup on a long leash in the park for 30 mins is fine. Socialization is key. Keep in mind not to force your dog and let them just experience their environment in their own time, most issues will resolve with the right/calm guidance.


    • Hi Fran,

      if you have a look at a couple of other comments here (search fr “car”), I’m sure you’ll find an answer that’ll help with that as many people have the same problem as you do. Your puppy is still learning and other places can simply be more exciting from your Westie’s experiences, for example.

      Re: Noise issue – Desensitization will help with this. Make sure you properly socialize your pup and expose him to car noises, people, barking, machinery, sirens, etc. etc. and soon your dog will not be as sensitive to daily noises anymore.


  34. Hi Danielle,
    We got a Fox Terrier 2 months ago and now he’s 3 1/2 months old, the first time he went out everything was great, he walked, sniffed, ran… But now that he has been 2 weeks going out he refuses to walk. He just sits there and doesn’t move at all but when he sees someone or a group of people he starts running towards them and when they leave he sits again.
    Also and as some people commented, when we are returning home he walks.
    Another thing to point out is that when we go to the beach with him he walks with no problem or when we take him to socialization/aglity classes he runs, moves plays with other dogs and everything is fine.
    He is not afraid of the leash or the harness and we tried to get him moving with treats, toys… But nothing works and we don’t know if it’s that he is still getting used to the street or what is wrong with him.

    • Hey Lucia,

      what you’re describing is completely normal for puppies. Likes people, other dogs and the beach which is a great thing but just walking around the same neighborhood can get boring pretty quickly once he thinks he explored everything. Switching routes could help in this case.

      Apart from that, don’t worry that your pup is not yet into treats or toys, their attention span is really low and will surely develop. Go on adventures, socialise your dog and everything will be fine! 🙂

      Am I right in assuming that you got him with 6 weeks and started going outside at 12 weeks? Normally, it’s best not to get puppies before week 8 (some breeders even say 10 weeks, depending on the puppy) and you can bring them out immediately in case you’ve had doubts in regards to vaccination (which I know is quite common in the US although there’s loads of research done on that, I’ve linked an article covering that in my socialization guide).

      Have a great day,

  35. We’ve had our Romanian rescue dog just over a week. Previous to us, he was at another home in the UK living with another dog and was there for 2 months before coming to us. He was walked off lead as he would be with the other dog and would always come back to his owner.
    Since we’ve had him, he’s been on the lead as we need to get used to him and vice versa!
    For the first couple of days, he was absolutely fine on walks although never showed any enthusiasm for walks.
    But since then, he has become increasingly stubborn. When its time for walks, he’ll lay on the matt so we can’t put his harness and lead on. He doesn’t struggle when we put the harness and lead on. When we eventually do get them on and we’re outside the house (we do it nicely, not forced), he’ll sit on the drive and not want to move. He’ll eventually start walking but after much gentle encouragement. For the whole walk he’ll be like this. He’ll sit down a lot, and chew his lead.
    I wonder if it’s because he was used to being off lead and he simply doesn’t look forward to walks because he’s on a lead? We’ve hired a field next week so he’ll be off lead so we’re going to see what he’s like.
    He also sleeps a lot and doesn’t show any enthusiasm for anything other than food!

    • Hi Julia,

      if you make a quick page search for “Romanian” you’ll actually find a similar case. As I’ve mentioned there, one week may seem like time to settle in for us humans but it can take up to 3 weeks or even months until dogs really feel at home. Same goes for the enthusiasm and lots of sleeping. Don’t push your dog during this transition period and just try to work on your bond, it’ll click eventually.

      Your problem may very well exist due to your dog being walked without lead previously. I’d always advise against that as so many things can happen without lead. My dog has a strong recall and I still don’t do that, especially when traffic, people or dogs are around (unless it’s an off-leash park). You’re definitely doing good with keeping him on-leash.

      Since he seems to be food motivated, keep using that and slowly phase treats out once you see progress or replace them with toys in order not to be too dependent on the treats alone. Since it’s already working with some positive reinforcement, I’d keep applying that. However, that doesn’t mean that you always have to give in to his stubbornness, it’s good not to let them get away with everything as it might be establish as a pattern otherwise.

      Let me know how it goes,

  36. Hi Danielle,
    We have a 5-year-old Pekingnese. He seems like he wants to go in certain direction and when we don’t go as he wants, he refuses to walk at all. He just resists to walk towards where we have to go. If I pull him, he tries so hard to not move. I am not sure if it’s right to keep pulling him until he listens. Previously, we just used to pick him up since he is little but we want to be able to walk with him better. One of my husband’s concern is if we pull him, if he would be hurt. When we tried to reward him when he walks well with treat, he does well when he sees treats but when he doesn’t get treat he refuses to walk again. Could you give us some advise?

    • Hi Hazel,

      you might want to try to stick to the treat method and phase them out over time. However, some dog trainers don’t use treats at all and instead apply patience or even couple it with toys in order to avoid this dependency on food.

      You’re right that picking him up won’t solve the problem. He may have learned the pattern of being picked up after refusing to walk in which case you can counter-condition him.

      Pulling if it hurts your dog is not the right solution either but you’re the judge of how much pulling is okay. If nothing else is possible, patiently wait but restrict to where he wants to go. This way, at least you don’t reinforce that behavior and reward your dog with smelling something or whatnot.


  37. Came across your site by accident but glad I did. My Karakachan didn’t socialise as a young pup due to COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown. She will go for a decent walk when I take my terrier with us but if she is in her own she will walk about 100 yards then refuses to walk but wants to back home. Any ideas what I can do?

    • Hi Anne, very interesting breed choice! If she hasn’t been out that much, this behavior can be totally normal. I’d just recommend you follow the steps outlined above and try to make walks fun. This can come in the form of praise, treats, toys, or even just letting her smell where she wants to. Positive reinforcement is the best way to go with puppies and when they’re stubborn we just need to be patient.

      By the way: You can read this post on socialization for a bit more info, maybe it helps.

  38. Hi,

    This blog is really helpful thank you 🙂 However, I am struggling to desensitize the part in the walk where she stops as it is basically our front garden.
    We are new dog parents, we have a 3 year old Bulldog and she will only go for walks when there are both myself and my partner going. We can not get her to go out separately in the mornings. I am trying slowly in the mornings to put on her harness and lead and then play/treat when she does. I open the door and let her come to me and take baby steps with treats until she has managed to get outside of the drive on to the pavement, she is really jumpy and nervous when she gets out there, and then if someone walks past whilst she is in the garden she will bark (from fear) She will stop and look sad/cower in fear as soon as you put the harness on and the lead.

    No issues when it is both of us, she still dislikes the harness being put on (not sure she has been used to having a harness/lead before)

    Thank you in advance 🙂

    • Hey Victoria,

      how long is your Bulldog with you? If it’s just shortly, then that’s normal behavior as dogs can need weeks or even months to settle in and walking her together is good solution if it’ll desensitize her to the outside world and easer her fear. However, you don’t want it to become a behavior pattern because there might be times when it’s just necessary that one of you walks her.

      First, I’d recommend you try to slowly re-introduce harness and leash just like you would with a puppy. If she’s still fearful, the only thing you can do is taking her out and reassuring her, the fear will ease over time. Exposing her to triggers (if you can find out which that are) should happen slowly and gradually.

      It’s awesome to rescue dogs but their history isn’t always known and there might be reason why she doesn’t want to go out besides not feeling 100% comfortable yet. It’s important to stay patient and cheer every little progress since that can be a pretty big deal for your rescue.

  39. Hi,
    First of all, I’d like to say, I am so reassured by reading all the other people’s questions and concerns. I thought I was doing something wrong! I mean, all dogs like walks, right? Well, I have a 3 year-old Shiba Inu that I adopted nine months ago. He lived a few blocks from me and whenever I was on my daily walk through the neighborhood I would see him sitting on his family’s porch. The problem was he was outside ALL day, EVERY day. I asked his owners if I could walk him and when I did it was clear he had no idea how to walk on a leash, but he was happy to have company. One thing led to another and they had a baby on the way and needed to move. They asked me if I wanted him and the answer was an emphatic YES! So, he moved to our home which included things he never had: routine, baths, toys, obedience classes, his own bed, etc…I am home with him all day and he lives inside now. The problem is he is now really reluctant to go on walks. When I get out his harness (a “Joyride”) he walks away from me ( I also have a cheaper, lighter “Sporn” harness and he does the same thing with that one), but if I don’t use a harness that goes around his body he pulls so much he chokes himself. When we get to the end of our driveway he simply sits down and refuses to move. Eventually, with treats and positive reinforcement I can get him going. He is a big sniffer and stops CONSTANTLY, which kind of defeats the purpose of a walk. When we get to busier (louder) areas I notice that his ears are slightly back and his body language is tense. He doesn’t appear to be pain and doesn’t seem to be overly afraid of most things, people, or other animals. While, his breed can be extremely willful, it seems like he wants to please me most of the time, and will do what I ask him to do. It feels like a constant struggle when I walk him and I would like some advice as to how to make it a smoother process. So my problems are his:
    Not wanting to put his harness on.
    Not wanting to leave our yard on the walk.
    CONSTANTLY stopping to sniff EVERYTHING while walking.
    He seems rattled by the sounds of traffic.
    Also, sitting down and refusing to go any further until he is darn good and ready (at least two or three times during a roughly two mile walk).
    I would appreciate any advice. Thank you!

    • Hey Amanda,

      first of all, awesome that you’re putting so much thought into how you can improve your dog’s life and observing his body language – it’s sad that the previous owners gave him away just because they had to move though.

      For your problem: You’re already doing the right thing with luring him with treats. The thing is that, as you said, he’s probably used to roaming freely and bad habits can be hard to break but with time and patience, progress will come. You can apply the same principle to the harness. Either use a front-clip or a gentle leader, make sure that in his mind leash = awesome.

      Sniffing doesn’t defeat the purpose of a walk at all. Of course, you’ll want to get a couple of miles in but olfaction is a major part of my Rottweiler’s walks. Go on a 15+km (10 miles) hike with straight walking and she won’t be truly exhausted, just bored. However, let her sniff interesting new places and she’ll be tired after walking just a third of that way. She loves sniffing and it provides her with loads of information. You can also encourage these needs with something like a snuffle mat.

      For the traffic sounds: Just desensitize him to that. Slowly expose him to these sounds and he’ll get used to them quite quickly. Playing these sounds at home, visiting new places with different sounds, etc. are all simple steps that can work wonders already.


  40. We’re on day 4 since adopting our second border collie rescue, who’s almost 2 years old. Her first home was a challenging situation and I think built a lot of fear into her. I’m aware it’s early in our bonding process and we’re being really forgiving of her quirks and hesitancy to do many things. (We only just got her to eat a full serving of food.)

    When it comes to walks, she’s eager when heading out, and almost immediately the fear seems to set in. She tends to “pancake” when some (usually indiscernible to me) stimuli sets her off. Sometimes we’ll hear the startling noise too and we’ve taken to switching on the “good girl” voice immediately to encourage her to not plop on the ground.

    Unfortunately, she does not seem to be food motivated, so our current challenge is that nothing will snap her out of it once she pancakes. What works best is picking her up and going a few steps, and then putting her back down and she’ll continue on. We can also avoid some of her tendency to stop right in the middle of the street (when we cross one along our sidewalk path- it’s become clear that this is one of her triggers) by entering into a jog as soon as we reach the end of the sidewalk.

    We’re taking her out once a day with our first dog, who’s a very confident boy. We’ve tried short solo walks and she definitely seems to show a little confidence boost from his presence. We can also position him to block out some visual stimuli along the route. We’re sticking to the same route, too, until she seems to get more comfortable.

    So I guess my question is: do you have any suggestions we may be able to try in encouraging a non-food-motivated dog to overcome her fears? We’re thinking of it as a marathon, not a sprint, but any words of encouragement/advice you might have as we navigate these first few days and weeks would be greatly appreciated!

    • Hi Kirsten, what you’re currently doing is a very good start. You’re patient, sticking to the same route, and utilizing your other dog for confidence. Many dogs will have a confidence boost from present dogs if they’re well socialized, no matter the age (although it works best with new puppies and adult dogs, of course).

      I’d be careful with the soothing voice and picking her up once she’s afraid. It’s totally understandable that you want to calm her down but often, the effect is just the opposite and your dog can view this as positive reinforcement. Exposing her to these situations is a very good idea though. Most of the time, it’s best if we don’t make a big thing out of these seemingly “scary” situations and as your bond becomes stronger and stronger, your dog will trust you.

      If treats don’t work, you can try toys. Personally, I’m not a big fan of being completely dependent on treats each and every time you give a command anyway. In case toys are of no interest to her either, that’s no problem. These things can a) still develop and b) are not a requirement for training (even though our canines surely love food). As a puppy, if there was something else that was more interesting, my Rottie refused to touch her food, wasn’t interested in balls or treats outside, etc. and now there’s not a single day in the year where she won’t devour her food. A ball will get her to block out any dogs surrounding her. Of course, this is more normal for a puppy, but it’s just to show that these things can turn 180. To get her to eat full servings, find something that she really likes. My dog completely turned when I started feeding her raw while a foster dog I had didn’t touch that stuff (mostly because there needs to be a transition period) but it’s same with your dog, she just doesn’t trust the environment and is probably used to other food.

      With patience, you’ll pull through this little transition period :).

  41. My Shar Pei has no problem that I know of, just back from vet and runs about in the house and out the back but soon as we go for a walk he just goes to sniff at a post or walk then walks away and just stops to look up in the air at birds or looks down the road and if u get him to move within 3/5 meters same again. And every time crossing a road, he stops in the middle. Tried the treat thing but he just moves to get the treat then stops.

    • Glad that your vet checked him out and it’s seemingly nothing physical :). Have you checked out the other comments? Many people actually have the same problem as you do and it’d be important to know how long your dog’s with you – was he recently rescued or did you get him as a puppy and he just started this behavior?

      Breeds like this are known to be quite strong-willed, sometimes even labeled as stubborn, and your dog just seems to be curious and wants to sniff stuff or look at birds when you want to walk. Depending on how long you’re trying to get rid of that behavior, the best way is to stay patient and keep going with the training. You can switch treats with toys or whatever your dog prefers.

      Make sure that you practice crossing the street often and don’t let it get to the point that he stops. Overall obedience training could really help since situations like that can potentially be pretty dangerous. There are times to stop and there are times to move :).

      If you’re checking the other comments and going through the article step-by-step you’ll probably make progress faster than you thought.


  42. My rescue around four years old has developed this habit over the past 6 months where he will do anything to not go on a walk. The second he steps out the door, he will sprint for a few seconds while pulling as hard as he can before stopping. Each time he stops it changes place. I’ve tried giving him a week or two without walks to see if it would work, but it didn’t. I have also tried using food, but he seems to be strictly determined to not leave home. How can I get him to go on walks again?

    • Hey Giovanni, most of the time there’s a reason when dogs don’t want to go outside suddenly. Did you just get him 6 months ago and he started to develop this within the first few months? If so, it may just be that something happened to him outside before, he was used to not walking in his previous home, etc. The reasons for this are plentiful.

      You can try switching things up with a trip by car or you try to find out which toy he really likes. There has to be something, anything really, that your dog particularly likes and you can use that.

      Feel free to check out the other comments on here, there’s usually a lot of people with similar problems :).

  43. 30 days ago I rescued three year old shih-poo. she is frightened of everything even me. treats do not help. nothing entices her even if she is starving. She freezes when i go near her or runs away and hides under the bed or coffee table. . she refuses to walk with or without a leash. will not obey any command except ‘NO’. if i say, ‘no’ she will not eat or move all day and she will not look in my direction. I am getting so stressed, I broke down and cried today.

    • Hi Lillian, how you feel is totally understandable. We’re putting so much work into our dogs and when it’s not working in a reasonable time frame, we get frustrated.

      As mentioned in the 3-3-3 rule it’s not uncommon for dogs to display this kind of behavior, even if they’re one month into being in their new home already. Some dogs just need more time than others and are more extreme in general (i.e. not wanting to be approached much less petted, not walking, not accepting treats or being ready to learn commands).

      It’s probably nothing new I’m gonna tell you here but you just have to be patient. Let the dog come to you. Try not to get frustrated. Not only externally but also internally because most dogs are quite good at catching vibes. Even my super confident Rottie picks up on mood in a given room.

      Try to get her to associate your approach with something positive. That’s the key. Walks are necessary but just give her time with the leash introduction – everything might take more time in general. Provide her with a safe space in the room but make sure she’s not excluded from family life.

      Commands/tricks are not as important as behavior patterns and if she does something you don’t like (table-surfing, chewing on the cushions, etc.) then feel free to tell her no. Fair treatment is important and once she recognizes that there’s no “harsh punishment” but instead just a confident “No!” without anyone being mad at her afterwards, she’ll know what is demanded of her.

      Your dog doesn’t have that confidence yet but if you keep improving your bond (feel free to check the linked article), it’ll come. Have faith in her and try to be as positive as possible. She might’ve had a terrible history and deserves that time to transition :).

      You can do it!

  44. Hi Danielle, I stumbled upon this article while searching for answers/advice on why our puppy (Aus Labradoodle) will only walk when there’s two or more of us walking her.

    She is fine when either me or husband walks her, with our kids, any combination so long as there is at least two people. She always stops on the same section of the street as we walk away from our house and we will give her a treat and go on her way. We really want to be able to walk her on our own (not have to wait for other members of the family to be ready). Today, I had a pocket full of treats and could only get her to go a foot at a time. We ended up turning around to go home, which she was happy to do. She is 5 months old. Thank you for any help!

    • Hi Mabel,

      if you’re checking other comments here, there are actually quite a few people who have the same problem with the dog refusing to walk with only one human.

      The best thing you can do here is just walking your Labradoodle regardless of whether or not she wants to. Going back inside reinforces that behavior as the next walk will probably only happen when at least two people are there. Just introduce a bit of obedience, call her, go through a couple of commands and make the alone time as fun as possible (i.e. treats and toys. If she’s not taking them, just walk. She’ll get interested sooner or later). Immediately turning around will let her know that she’s in control and you probably want to be able to walk her alone :).

      Have a great day,

  45. Hi
    We have a 10 year old Golden Retriever who originally trained as an assistance dog, but didn’t make the grade because of her nervousness. We adopted her four years ago. Issues are fear of loud noises, motorbikes and someone coming to the door which prompts continual barking. Some of these issues have calmed down since we have had her, but she still barks at any strange noise and won’t walk with me on a lead. She is happy going out with our other Goldie with my husband in his wheelchair, but our other dog is approaching 14 years and can’t walk very far now due to degeneration of her back legs. Our adopted dog will go out on the wheelchair with my husband, but won’t walk with me very far before sitting down and refusing to budge. Treats don’t work and kind encouragement doesn’t either, changing walking in a different direction doesn’t help. If I say to her, shall we go home, she will turn in that direction eventually and trot back with no problem. This means she misses out on a good walk with me if my husband is unable to go out. My fear is that if anything happens to our older dog, she will not want to go out with either of us.
    I personally think this is all due to poor socialization, no lead training and being frightened by loud noises (motorbike) when a very young puppy. We do not know much of the dog’s history, but we do know she was placed with different people every couple of weeks as she couldn’t be placed with a disabled person permanently. This meant she did not have stability in her life until she came to us. It took her a couple of years to look us directly such was her wariness.. Having said all this she is a lovely dog and we love her to bits.

    • Hi Angela, have you focused really hard on desensitizing her to various loud noises, especially the motorbikes she is so afraid of? At 10 years of age, it is definitely harder to form new experiences but it’s still worth trying. Is she able to ride in the car with you? Maybe a whole new walking route where she doesn’t know the way back could do the trick.

      As stubborn as dogs can sometimes be, you can also try waiting her out as she clearly wants to go back home. I had people waiting hours for their dogs to take a step into the right direction which is a big win. Every time you have turned around and walked home in the past, you have reinforced her behavior.

      Another option would be going out with your husband and your senior dog and both will leave you part way through the walk in the direction of the walk only then turn around without your dog seeing it (maybe with turning corners or going behind a house). Essentially she will think that they have walked further ahead and will continue to follow them.

      You can also try leash frogging where person A takes the leash and person B walks a bit further. Person A then walks with the talk to person B which will give the treat once the dog has reached her/him. Gradually increase the distance until you are out of eye sight.

      If she has already got in the habit of going back home whenever she refuses to walk, try surprising her by doing things you would normally never do. These tips can only work in combination with leash training. 99% of the time, dogs refuse to walk because they have no guidance on the leash. Indoor and outdoor leash training will probably eventually resolve your problem.

      Good luck,

  46. Hi,
    I have recently adopted a Lab/Pit mix named Jinn from a rescue kennel. She is 2 years and will freeze and stop/sit on walks when she hears or smells a dog. She reacts this way to a dog on the other side of the fence who is barking or not barking and to a dog inside their house barking as we pass the home. She had been kenneled since she was a puppy and had started showing symptoms of fear/anxiety when other dogs barked in the kennel within the past month.

    • Hey Donna, did the shelter/rescue staff tell you that she started barking inside the kennel just recently? For a dog that has been kenneled all her life, this is not unusual behavior. Positive reinforcement and slowly working on your dog’s confidence as well as the bond between the two of you will be the best bet.

      In my personal opinion, reasonable exposure is okay, I just wouldn’t walk her on routes where I know there will be tons of (unleashed) dogs or a dog park or whatnot if she’s not comfortable. If you have a local trainer, meetups via social media, or just a friend with a well-socialized dog, use them for desensitization to show her there’s nothing to be afraid of.

      Rescue dogs with a history like this are also prone to being afraid of loud noises/thunder, strange people, other animals like horses and so on. Slowly working on this will help her feel more confident and secure, it’s definitely possible :).


  47. Hi Danielle,
    I have a huge problem with my Border collie mix, Zoe (5 yrs old). On the first day she came to our home (she was 3 months) from a peaceful village I took her out to our very busy and loud street, and she froze. When she was 8 months old she ran away from our yard at another location, jumped over the fence and went missing for 36 hours, after fireworks had started. Since then she has been reactive to bicycles, trucks, some people and some dogs, and noise sensitive. I treated her harshly for 2 years (punishing, hitting and yelling at her). A year and a half ago she had another trauma with a bicyclist, whom she was chasing and barking at, and he was speeding up and hitting her with his leg. At that time she was temporarily off leash for exercise with a trainer. The day after this episode she started refusing to walk with me along our street. She would sit down and want to go back home. She has developed serious noise phobia (takes Clomicalm 2x25mg), and she is still reactive. It is my opinion that she has never trusted me, and I would very much like to work with her on this problem. I have changed dramatically to the better the way I treat her. The problem with her refusing to walk with me still persists, especially when there are noises around us. She is willing to walk with my husband. Do you have an advice for me, please.
    Best regards, Vlasta

    • Hey Vlasta, a lot happened there but it’s great that you’re giving lots of background information.

      When we think that dogs don’t trust us, it’s nothing personal or preference in most cases but rather trauma or the lack of a healthy relationship. Taking your pup out onto a noisy street is a very bad start for socialization for sure, but it’s fixable. Same goes for running out of the yard, especially when fireworks are around and safety is needed for a noise-sensitive dog. Getting hit by a stranger on a bike is really unfortunate and without knowing the trainer I’d say that this was really negligent behavior. The dog has to be in a secured environment during off-leash training. There needs to be a safety net like a fenced area. What else has the “trainer” done to fix the issue or has nothing worked at all? But the worst thing of it all might be that you punished her unfairly and especially that you hit her.

      At this stage, trust is extremely hard to build up again. Even though it can be frustrating at times, the fault is with the owner in nearly every single case which is what we have to realise before starting to build a healthy relationship. Medication can support training but it’s never a quick fix for the underlying issue. And the foundation of a healthy relationship is trust and a strong bond (linked you an article there).

      I’d recommend building trust first – physical/mental exercise, obedience training, learning to read her communication because dogs communicate all the time, patiently providing support while desensitizing her to sounds, using positive reinforcement as much as possible instead of unnecessary punishments – dogs do have a sense of fairness as has been found out through research. Her not wanting to walk is just a symptom, not the real issue is what I’d say.

      Hope that helps,

  48. Hello
    I have a 4 month old Lab puppy who is super keen to go out then will stop and refuse to go any further we coax with treats and toys and sometimes this works and we have a lovely walk,she is super friendly and likes all dogs and people. She is worse when its raining!
    She will walk back to the house across the same area that she does not like no issues its frustrating! We have resorted to carrying her across this area and then we let her off the lead and she is fine! during the walk we put her on the lead and she walks fine and on the way home so I am very confused about what might be going on. At the weekend we had a puppy play date and she had no issues going across the road and in to the woods is she just stubborn should we force her to go for a walk?
    thanks in advance for any advice

    • Hi Mel, great that your dog is friendly and good with people & dogs, that’s the best box to check :). When you say she walks back across the area she doesn’t like does that mean that you have identified the spot she doesn’t like passing by? At first, it sounded like she stops randomly but if she really only stops at a certain point, maybe something negative happened to her there? Can be as simple as the presence of another barking dog to name just one example or maybe she was punished harshly or something like that.

      Carrying her might solve your issue in that specific moment but it’ll reaffirm her doubts surrounding that spot so I’d definitely avoid that. Keep using treats/toys as mentioned and let her know that you like it when she crosses without an issue. If she’s unwilling, just try to push her a little and keep walking, should be just fine with a puppy as long as nothing seriously traumatic happened :).

      Have fun with your pup,

  49. Hi Danielle,

    I am currently fostering Petra, who is a Saluki mixed, 1.5 years old and a medium size dog.

    In the first week, it was tough trying to get her to walk but when she does walk with a little tug on the leash she moves and I found it shocking that she does not react to treats at all when I want to reward her. Out of nowhere, Petra does not want to walk at all to the point that she either lays on the ground or crawls back home and she becomes scared when someone is holding the leash or calls her to go for a walk. I also tried walking her with my neighbor’s dogs as she loved playing with them before but its not working at all, like she does not even pay attention to any dogs anymore and I feel like she shuts down completely when I take her out for a walk.

    Surprisingly, Petra is a total different dog when she is inside the house, she’s happy, plays around, enjoys her treat, and she loves the backyard more than anything.

    – Zaina

    • Hi Zaina,

      kudos to you for fostering! Depending on whether or not you’re fostering for the first time (or even for the 10th time if you didn’t have a dog with this kind of issue), it’s totally normal to be surprised. However, since your dog is 1.5y, it’s hard to say what she went through before she came to you.

      This can be either bad experiences she had when she was outside in the past or your bonding is still a work in progress. Maybe she already trusts you inside the house but outside requires a whole other level of guidance, especially if the dog is a little bit uncertain about anything and everybody.

      – Danielle


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