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Rottweiler Tail: Docked or Curled? Experts Say This!

The prevalent and often perplexing practice of tail docking can be found pretty much everywhere in the United States.

Primarily, this is because the American Kennel Club’s set of breed standards showcases over 60 breeds that include a docked tail.

One of these breeds is the lovable, loyal Rottweiler.

The AKC breed standard expresses Rottweilers should have a “tail docked short, close to body, leaving one or two tail vertebrae.”

In fact, a Rottweiler with a short tail is so common that many people assume this is how the Rottie’s born.

Unless you’re a Rottie devotee, if you saw one with their natural tail, you might pause in confusion.

Admittedly, the sight is so rare, you might even wonder if you were looking at some new dog breed or a mix.

But, what’s the best tail for a Rottweiler: docked or leaving their natural curl?

Rottweiler with Tail

Rottweilers with tails have the advantage of being able to communicate with their tail more clearly, their appearance is less stocky, and the Rottweiler with a tail is exempt from the unnecessary docking procedure.

The sight of a natural Rottweiler tail is so atypical in the United States; many people likely don’t know what it looks like.

When in a neutral position, the tail hangs down, relaxed.

Then, when the pup’s excited or on alert, the tail curves upward, creating a broad arch over the back.

A dog uses his tail for many things, including counterbalance and communication.

My Rottweiler Amalia with the tail curled over her back standing in the water with her paws.

A Rottweiler with a tail will be able to express their emotions while Rottweilers with docked tails are more often misunderstood.

This could also mean that strangers can potentially misinterpret your dog’s intentions and react inappropriately.

A Rottweiler with their tail hanging down and showing teeth is likely feeling scared.

However, without being able to see the tail, someone could misinterpret this fear as aggression.

If they respond incorrectly, it could shift the dog’s fear into aggression and trigger a potential attack.

Of course, just like humans, dogs communicate in a variety of ways, including vocalizations and body language.

So it just becomes even more critical to understand the rest of the ways they speak to us and a Rottweiler with a tail will get the message across much more clearly.

Plus, the natural Rottweiler looks much more, well, natural.

The curled Rottie tail perfectly completes their lean body instead of making them look stocky and compressed.

Rottweiler Tail Docking – Banned in Their Birthplace

Rottweiler tail docking is still acceptable, if not expected, throughout AKC show rings in the US while most other developed countries have banned tail docking. The Rottweiler’s birthplace, Germany, only allows Rottweilers with natural tails too.

Tail docking across all breeds has attracted a lot of controversy over the years, and the opposition continues to grow.

In fact, the Allgenmeiner Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub (ADRK), the primary German organization upholding the breed’s integrity, states in their standards that the tail should be “in natural condition.”

Germany banned tail docking in 2006; the only exceptions were medical reasons (deemed necessary by a vet) and some working dogs.

Otherwise, docking a dog’s tail is illegal in the Rottweiler’s homeland, and in many other European countries, the case is the same.

Similarly, the Federation Cynologique International (FCI), the World Canine Organization, takes the same stance.

Their guidelines express that at FCI sanctioned events, judges may show no discrimination toward Rottweilers with tails.

Furthermore, in countries where docking is illegal, dogs with docked tails cannot even participate.

Other countries, like Switzerland, won’t even allow you to import your Rottie if they have a docked tail.

Soon, most countries banned the practice, as well as certain clubs in the US, like the Rottweiler Club of North America (RKNA).

In their events, the club now adheres to the standards set forth by the FCI.

However, they do grandfather in dogs born before 2019.

With the practice gaining more attention (and debate) in the states, the AKC will likely start feeling more pressure to adjust its standards.

Why Are Rottweiler Tails Docked?

Rottweiler tails were docked for several reasons throughout history and it started with protection from rabies and demons but graduated on to practical reasons like avoiding tail injuries.

The first reason for tail docking stretches all the way back into Ancient Roman times.

People believed the practice could protect the dog, and therefore their owners, from Rabies.

Some societies also were under the perception that docking the tail of a dog helped ward off demons.

Of course, these reasons had no scientific basis.

Athletic Rottweiler with a longer and slightly smaller than average tail.

However, more practical reasons also existed and still do today.

Rottweilers were primarily used as working dogs, doing everything from herding to hunting, guarding, and serving as a messenger.

Since these dogs were often engaged in a variety of activities, the risk for injury to their tail was greater.

For example, a guard dog trying to protect his territory could have his tail grabbed and injured.

Messenger dogs and Retrievers running through dense and prickly brush could get their tail caught and damaged.

If the tail became injured, it would hinder the dog’s ability to work, or worse, become infected and lead to more severe health complications.

Therefore, to avoid these possibilities, people docked their working pup’s tail.

Tail Docking: A Shift from Practical to Cosmetic

The image of a Rottie with a docked tail began to be so common that it’s what people expected.

Therefore, even in places where people didn’t use the Rottweiler as a working dog, they still docked the tail.

For some, it was to match the expected image, others preferred the look, and others wanted to comply with specific breed standards.

However, if a Rottweiler isn’t acting as a working dog, the odds of a tail injury are not any more significant than any other dog.

Therefore, you could essentially be docking the tail to prevent something that might never happen.

Considering it from another perspective, would you amputate a baby’s arm so they wouldn’t have to deal with breaking it one day?

Of course, in some cases, the tail might need removal for medical or safety reasons, such as an injury or frostbite.

However, this differs from docking a tail when a dog is still a puppy for preventative or solely cosmetic reasons.

How and When Are Rottweilers’ Tails Docked? Is It Painful?

In a nutshell, tail docking is when someone removes a large portion of a dog’s tail.

It’s usually done when the pup is between two and five days old, although some experts recommend within 72 hours could be best.

Only veterinarians should perform the procedure by cutting the tail in the appropriate place.

However, some breeders seek out unprofessional means of tail docking, trying to save a few bucks.

Doing so this way dramatically increases the risk of complications and trauma to the dog’s tail.

Either way, anytime you remove a body part, you need to expect it to cause pain.

Another method of docking is banding, and the breeders typically do it themselves.

They tie a rubber band around the tail, cutting off the blood flow and eventually leading to the tail falling off within about three days. 

The theory behind docking the tail between two to five days is that the puppies won’t feel much pain and, therefore, won’t need to undergo general anesthesia.

This is because of the assumption that they still have an undeveloped nervous system.

However, many have said this is simply not the case, including The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA).

Regardless, it’s essential to assess the strength of the puppy before moving forward with the procedure.

Also, a qualified veterinarian should be a non-negotiable factor.

So, if you’re planning to adopt a Rottie with a docked tail, ensure the breeder has a vet do the procedure.

A veterinarian will carefully mark where the cut needs to be between specific vertebrae.

They’ll use sharp, surgical scissors to snip the tail, then possibly use glue or dissolvable stitches.

Sometimes stitches are unnecessary, but large dogs may need them to ensure the skin closes well over the bone.

What Do Veterinarians Say About Tail Docking?

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) expresses that cosmetic tail docking doesn’t provide enough benefits to outweigh the risks.

They also discuss how the procedure is painful for puppies and could cause serious trauma and chronic health conditions.

The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) shares the same opinion.

Many veterinarians will decline requests to dock a dog’s tail for cosmetic purposes.

However, they do not apply this stance to removing a dog’s tail for medical reasons.

In fact, if a dog experiences trauma to the tail and needs it amputated, AVMA doesn’t consider this docking.

Bobtail Rottweiler – Possible but Rare       

There are actually a few dog breeds that are born without tails, but the Rottweiler is not generally one of them.

However, it’s possible that you stumble upon a bobtail Rottweiler.

Their naturally occurring stumpy tail results from a gene mutation.

Since tail docking is illegal in so many countries today, many breeders in these places have begun to specifically breed for this gene.

This way, they can provide people with Rotties that have a naturally docked tail that wasn’t created illegally (or what some consider cruelly).

With more and more breeders starting to breed for this gene mutation, we might start seeing some more bobtail Rottie’s around.

What about you? Do you have a Rottie with a docked tail or one that goes all-natural? I’d love to hear from you in the comments!

About Danielle

I am the founder of PawLeaks where I share weekly tips on dog training and behavior. Sharing a passion for dogs and helping owners to solve problems through understanding canine behavior and modification is my number one goal.

Ronald Baumgartner

Sunday 1st of May 2022

Rottweilers look awesome with a docked tail. I have had 4 Rottweilers and all of them have had docked tails. The tail is removed with a small injection of xylocaine by a vet and the dog does not have any pain. I don't believe I have ever seen a Rotty here in the US without a docked tail. There will be bleeding heart people everywhere with ridiculous opinions but most people prefer a docked tail including the AKC. I saw a Doberman several weeks ago without cropped ears and a docked tail and almost didn't recognize the breed. It certainly took away from the fearless looking Dobie that their owners love about them. I also am A German American and have been to Germany as a tourist and every Doberman and Rotty I saw had their tails docked and ears cropped on the Dobies. You obviously are against these so called cosmetic procedures but I believe you should actually talk to the owners of these dogs and I believe you will definitely get a different perspective!!!!!!!

Danielle

Sunday 1st of May 2022

Hi Ronald, you'd be right in saying that it's a pretty common practice in the US. And I understand that you might not be used to seeing the Doberman with tail/ears but why is the natural appearance strange just because someone is used to seeing them being bred otherwise? Yes, a Doberman with ears might look less intimidating to some but it's just a tiny bit of a shift in perception, people will still back away from a large dog. Anyway, why is that important?

Also, I live in Germany and there are certainly almost no docked tails/ cropped ears here. If so, then because they've been docked mostly in Eastern Europe, or illegally which is why they end up in shelters. Very rarely due to a medical issue. Docking is against the law here. Nobody I know thinks a Rottweiler with a stub for a tail looks better, they don't even look more menacing, just less athletic.

Sherry Waddell

Thursday 31st of March 2022

I'm now on my 6th rottie over a 30 yr period. I absolutely love this breed. When I was seeking this last one I found more and more breeders choosing not to dock their tails and at first had mixed feelings about UT this would be the only one I'd ever owned with a tail. I will tell you I'm so glad I chose one with the tail. I have seen so much more with her personality through her tail. She has quite a few different ways of wagging it and I'm still learning each. I would definitely say choose one with a tail. ❤❤

Kathy

Thursday 31st of March 2022

I use to breed Rottweilers and use show them and they had to have docked tails and then we started leaving the tails alone they look cute either way, my husband and sons miss the docked tail for manly reasons lol

Jane

Wednesday 30th of March 2022

My rottie has a tail. I don't think I would own one that didnt.

Lisa Wright

Wednesday 30th of March 2022

I have one of each.