why is my dog sneezing

Why Is My Dog Sneezing?

A sneezing dog is a normal encounter and can have many causes of which most are healthy behaviors.

Dogs do not sneeze as often as humans do and allergies are the least possible cause. They would rather cough or have irritated skin.

Common Causes of Dog Sneezing

Sneezing in dogs can occur from different causes that are more severe or mild and preventable.

Foreign Objects

The most common cause of sneezing in dogs is a foreign body that got stuck in their nose. If your dog constantly walks with the head to the ground then this can be the reason.

Symptoms are pawing at the nose, sneezing, and nose bleeding. Especially hunting breeds that search deep in holes are at risk for that.

If the object is stuck too deep and your dog cannot get it out by himself, medical attention will be needed.

Household Products

Any household products with chemicals and scent like cleaning products, cologne, deodorants, and cigarette smoke can cause an irritated nose in dogs.

You should keep away dogs and children from any strong chemical scent that could cause repeated sneezing and lung issues.

Play Sneezing

Yes, there is such a thing as play sneezing in dogs. You may have observed it before when your dog is playing with humans or other animals.

It is a healthy and normal sign (most common in small breeds) that your dog is excited about the play and enjoys it. It’s also an appeasement sign that this game means only play and nothing else. You can read more about this below.

Nasal Tumors

Nasal tumor and cancer is most common in breeds with long noses. They can spread locally and destroy the structure of the nose, causing sneezing. Sadly, still today, it is hard to cure and not many had success.

Infections

A viral or bacterial infection mostly causes coughing in dogs while the Aspergillus fungus is the main cause for sneezing. Your dog can get infected by inhaling the dust of the fungus.

If your dog shows signs like repetitive sneezing, nose bleeding, nose pain, and visible swelling, take him to the vet immediately. Similar symptoms can be caused by nasal mites that can enter your dog’s nose while he is digging or smelling on the ground.

Allergies

Allergies are not as common in dogs as they are in humans but it can occur. Diseases of the immune system can cause nasal inflammation and an irritated nose.

Snorting in Dogs

Dogs snort more frequently when they have amechanical obstruction in their upper airways. Even if they feel the need to clear their nose they will snort in a normal and healthy way.

Dogs that have to much excess weight will also snort more often as they often have problems with breathing.

Dog Sneezing When Playing

Like I said above, play sneezing generally means that your dog is healthy and excited. It is also a form of communication while playing with other dogs. Dogs send many signals while interacting with other dogs. Sneezing is a calming signal and means that your dog needs to take a break and he is telling the others to not be so rough to him.

It can also be a call for attention if he wants to play with another dog which is currently not so engaged. Sneezing also tells the other dog that this is only play fight and not serious at all. If he sneezes more frequently even when he is not playing, this means you should check him with a vet.

Play sneezes don’t come from the lungs and sound more like a snort. You can actually train a dog to sneeze when he doesn’t want to play anymore. A deep sneeze would be more linked to a cold or an allergy.

Nasal Mites in Dogs

Nasal mites (Pneumonyssoides Caninum) can affect dogs of any breed and age. They transmit through direct or indirect nasal contact with an infected dog. Nasal mites exclusively live in the nasal passage of canines and feed on the keratin layer. Those mites are visible to the naked eye and cause different symptoms. The more mites your dog has in his nose the more severe the symptoms are.

If your dog is frequently sneezing, having issues to breathe, bleeding and shaking his head a lot then you should go and see a vet. His breathing can become louder, he can start coughing and may have a difficult time to smell. The vet will either treat your dog with a parasiticide or a drug that is effective against the mites.

What You Can Do

You probably know how your dog’s healthy nose usually looks like. Look out for any changes and see if the nose is dry, cold, hot or has any other changes to it. Take a flashlight and look for foreign objects, something that got stuck in there.

Examine the nasal discharge your dog has. Unhealthy discharge is yellow, chunky and smells bad. Observe your dog’s overall health and see if he has normal energy, drinking and eating or if he is lethargic and doesn’t seem to feel well.

Note when and how often the sneezing is happening. Is the sneezing mostly happening outside in the spring or summer? Is the sneezing severe and violent? Is he sneezing after a meal or accompanied by fever? Is discharge coming from both sides or just one?

Home Remedies for Sneezing Dog

Home remedies can be given to dogs with mild symptoms and can accompany a treatment by the vet. I have listed a few remedies that will help your dog heal more quickly. Consult your vet before you try any of the below:

  • Herbs: Herbs like echinacea boost your dog’s immune system and help his body fight against bacteria and virus.
  • Nose drops: There are many different nose drops that can moisture a dry and irritated doggy nose. Nose drops can also help with infections and a runny nose.
  • Aloe: Apply a drop of aloe vera on your dog’s red nose daily until it goes back to normal.

When Should You Visit the Vet?

I mentioned different signs above that should be examined by your veterinarian. Below are a few more that will definitely require vetenary attention:

  • Higher temperature
  • Repetitive sneezing without cause
  • Nose bleeding
  • Pain
  • Sneezing that continues for more than 3 days
  • Swelling
  • Visible foreign body
  • Fatigue
  • Refusing to eat or drink

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