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ALL 22 Mastiff Breeds – Most of Them Going Extinct

Mastiffs are totally awesome dog breeds.

Personally, I own a 100-pound female Rottweiler which is technically a Mastiff-type dog and she’s wonderful, I love everything about her inside and out.

Many people fancy the Mastiff appearance – huge bear paws, large heads with sweet faces and majestic jowls come to mind.

However, there’s a downside to all these features.

All dogs need training but big dogs even more so to avoid you being dragged by a 150+ pounds machine of a dog.

Big jowls mean extraordinary amounts of slobber.

Big dogs in general are more expensive to feed and provide for.

Not everybody is seeking their next companion among the Mastiff breeds though.

You might just be curious about what types of Mastiffs are out there.

No matter what you’re seeking, I’ll dive a bit into each breed’s temperament and exercise needs as well as the summarized history.

Important notice: There is something I want to show you that will change the way you interact with your dog. Check it out here.

Interested in a quick overview of where they’re from and what kennel club recognizes them? I’ve got you covered.

Everybody likes the big boys and gals but how big are they really? I’ve compiled the weight and height of all 22 Mastiff breeds.

So let’s dive in.

How Many Mastiff Breeds Are There?

According to the list below with most breeds being recognized by the FCI and/or AKC, there are 22 Mastiff breeds in total.

Collection of eight Mastiffs breeds including the English Mastiff, Cane Corso, Dogue de Bordeaux, Great Dane, Dogo Argentino, Neapolita Mastiff, Tosa Inu, and Boerboel.

This list of Mastiffs is made up of FCI-recognized “Mastiff type” dogs as well as (strictly speaking) Molosser mountain type dogs with Mastiff in their name and other unrecognized but existing Mastiffs.

What do I mean by that?

Well, the FCI categorizes dog breeds, and one of the categories is called “Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs”.

As the name suggests, Group 2 is divided into three sections:

  1. Pinscher and Schnauzer type
  2. Molossian type Section (which we are focusing on)
  3. Swiss Mountain- and Cattledogs

This “Molossian type” section has sub-categories which include “Mastiff” and “Mountain” types.

Upon browsing their website, you’ll see that I left out some Mastiff-type dogs because they’re really just that – types.

You wouldn’t consider a Boxer a stereotypical Mastiff and are probably not searching for one.

Fun fact: Other Mastiff types include the Shar-Pei, Boxer, Rottweiler, Bulldog, Cimarrón Uruguayo – all left out for the purpose of this article.

Conversely, I’ve decided to include some Mountain type dogs because they’re literally named Mastiff.

Here’s the list of all 22 Mastiff breeds, their origin, and what kennel club recognizes them.

BreedOriginRecognized
Dogo ArgentinoArgentinaFCI / AKC
Fila BrasileiroBrazilFCI
BroholmerDenmarkFCI / (AKC)
Dogue de BordeauxFranceFCI / AKC
Great DaneGermanyFCI / AKC
BullmastiffGreat BritainFCI / AKC
English MastiffGreat BritainFCI / AKC
Cane CorsoItalyFCI / AKC
Neapolitan MastiffItalyFCI / AKC
Tosa InuJapanFCI / (AKC)
Cão Fila De São MiguelPortugalFCI
Perro Dogo MallorquínSpainFCI
Presa CanarioSpainFCI
Spanish MastiffSpainFCI / (AKC)
Pyrenean MastiffSpainFCI / (AKC)
Tibetan MastiffTibetFCI / AKC
BoerboelSouth AfricaAKC
Bully KuttaPakistan/IndiaNone
Abruzzese MastiffItalyNone
Dosa GaeSouth KoreaNone
Aksaray MalaklisiTurkeyNone
American MastiffUSANone

You probably noticed that some dogs are recognized by both the AKC & FCI while others are only recognized by either one of them (mostly FCI) or not recognized at all by either one.

Breed recognition by the (AKC) means that the AKC is aware of the breed’s existence and has profiles on them but does not formally recognize them or list them on their popularity lists.

Why are some breeds not recognized? Well, while they’re not extinct, they’re quite rare and don’t have a breed standard.

Dogo Argentino

To this day, the Dogo Argentino is often used as a big-game hunter.

What’s a tad unusual about the Dogo Argentino is that they’re hunting strategically in a pack while being able to relax around their family (ideally).

White Dogo Argentino in daylight standing on grass and squinting at the sunlight.

At 60-68cm (24-27in) they’re big dogs but with 35-45kg (75-100lbs) on the lighter side of Mastiffs.

They’re not the biggest droolers and have a short and smooth coat.

While the Dogo is generally good around family, and often even other dogs as well as children, they need a strict training regimen from day one to create a perfect canine companion.

Fila Brasileiro

As many others on this list, the Fila Brasileiro is a multi-purpose dog. Guarding, herding, hunting big game – you name it.

Fila Brasileiro walking around the yard.

The Fila is very self-assured and yet aloof with strangers.

They usually come in brindle or fawn and black with white markings limited to the chest, feet, and tip of the tail.

Broholmer

Depending on where you live the Broholmer isn’t commonly seen despite them being around since the Middle Ages as a (stag) hunting dog.

While their popularity and status as a purebred surge in the late 18th century, they became almost extinct when the Second World War ended.

Broholmer sits between bushes in grassy field.

In the mid-1970s a group of committed breed enthusiasts attempted to revive the breed.

The Broholmer’s large head, statue, and color are reminiscent of the Boerboel or Bullmastiff.

These big Danish boys and girls definitely don’t have to hide behind their more common counterparts from South Africa and Great Britain.

Dogue de Bordeaux

This contender has a smooth, short, and easy-to-groom coat too.

Cute Dogue de Bordeaux puppy on a yellow blanket.

While the Dogue de Bordeaux leans a lot toward needing a lot of mental stimulation and being eager to please according to the AKC, I’ve seen pretty stubborn individuals.

Your Dogue de Bordeaux definitely needs a good amount of training and exercise though, especially to avoid any hip/elbow issues which this breed is extremely prone to.

Great Dane

You may have heard about the Great Dane as the largest dog (when it comes to height) in the world.

And yes, these giants can reach anywhere from 71-86cm (28-34in) sans the huge frame (it’s more of a lanky and sometimes clownish appearance).

Great Dane mugshot with a collar and tag around his neck.

Sadly, the lifespans for Great Danes are shorter than medium-sized breeds and even shorter than some of their large counterparts.

Did you know – The number one cause of death in Great Danes is bloat?

Bullmastiff

The Bullmastiff shares a lot of features with the English Mastiff, heavy bones, large heads, similar color.

Bullmastiff in the forest on an Autumn day.

Their difference lies in their more athletic build as well as their original purpose.

Gamekeepers tried to defend their estate against poachers in the 19th century and to achieve that, they’re said to have crossed Mastiffs to Bulldogs at a ratio of 60/40, resulting in this more agile and yet fierce canine.

English Mastiff

Arguably the heaviest among the Mastiffs and the foundation for many other Mastiffs as well as newly created American Bullies.

While chunky individuals may look cute to some, reaching the higher end of the weight scale – which some breed clubs state is up to 90+kg (200+lbs) – is usually not desirable at all.

Hip dysplasia might be the most occurring issue but definitely not the only one contributing to their relatively short lifespan of 5-8 years (yes, they can live longer with proper care and exercise, but many leave us far too early).

If you’re ogling with the idea of getting a Mastiff, be ready for a home makeover with drool as the wallpaper theme.

Cane Corso

Despite their recent addition in 2010, the Cane Corso has gained a lot in popularity in recent years which is not necessarily good news (keyphrase here are the Corso puppy color scams).

Girl is petting a black Cane Corso.

Intense, majestic, and affectionate are appropriate words.

However, these Italian Mastiffs need lots of training and exercise and their mental development shouldn’t be underestimated.

Neapolitan Mastiff

Some of the most droopy-looking fellas out there, Neapolitan Mastiffs possibly date back as far as 700 BC.

Large Neapolitan Mastiff with droopy eyes and big jowls walking towards the camera.

Romans are said to have utilized these massive Mastiffs in the war.

Tosa Inu

This large Mastiff hails from Japan.

Sadly, Japan’s dogfighting culture brought up a hybrid of Shikoku-ken and Western breeds (Bulldogs, Mastiffs, German Pointers, and Great Danes).

Large male Japanese Mastiff also called Tosa Inu standing on grass.

Luckily, this breed is used as a watchdog nowadays around the world but beware, they’re not known to be particularly good with other dogs, and finding a responsible breeder might not be as easy compared to other breeds.

Cão Fila De São Miguel

This dog was originally used as a herding dog and needs a lot of activity and might not be as even-tempered as other Mastiffs on this list.

Perro Dogo Mallorquín

The Perro Dogo Mallorquín is also called Majorcan Bulldog, Majorcan Mastiff, or Ca de Bou.

On the brink of extinction, after bull-baiting and dogfighting were outlawed on Majorca, breed enthusiasts ensured this breed’s survival.

However, once you arrive outside their Spanish turf, you’ll rarely encounter this Mastiff-like dog breed.

Presa Canario

The Presa Canario is among the moderately large-sized Mastiffs.

Presa Canario with thick bones and large head standing in the sun.

The low, deep bark paired with a balanced temperament and high confidence makes the Presa Canario suitable for guarding.

Similar to the Cane Corso, this breed tends to be very docile with the owners but not so much with strangers (always depends on the breeding line and upbringing though).

Spanish Mastiff

Spanish Mastiffs are technically bred for guarding, but not your house.

They’re livestock guardians and have been around since medieval times.

Aloof, dignified, and intelligent, livestock guardians generally tend to do better when they have a job to do and might not be as affectionate as other Mastiffs on this list.

Pyrenean Mastiff

Similar to the Spanish Mastiff, the Pyrenean Mastiff was used as livestock and isn’t common nowadays.

Some people who don’t mind their independence do still keep them around as pets.

However, they certainly are not suitable for city life due to their nature (not to mention their size which can reach an astounding 77cm (30in).

Tibetan Mastiff

Tibetan Mastiffs are big fluffy dogs and nobody really knows their origin story.

Large Tibetan Mastiff with thick reddish fur lying in the snow.

Tibet is quite isolated, the breed dates back to ancient times, and Tibetan Mastiffs are said to have been used in the creation of many European and Middle Eastern Mastiff breeds.

Boerboel

Boer is the Dutch term for German and Dutch “farmers” who settled in South Africa back in the 1600s.

Two Boerboel dogs under a tree, the male is looking at the female scratching her head in a comical pose.

These farmers are said to have brought large guardians with them and the interbreeding resulted in the “farmer’s dog” (Boerboel).

While their sensitive nature made them suitable for personal protection, these behemoths could also fight off wildlife.

Nowadays, they also function as therapy dogs, albeit not as common as other breeds.

Bully Kutta

The Bully Kutta originated in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan.

Rock paintings depicting this Mastiff date back to the 16th century.

Bully Kutta means “heavily wrinkled dog” so that checks out.

Neither the AKC nor the FCI recognizes this breed but the Indian National Kennel Club does.

Abruzzese Mastiff

The Italian Abruzzese Mastiff is distinct from the Maremmano-Abruzzese Sheepdog (also called Maremma Sheepdog, Abruzzese Sheepdog, or Maremmano).

More Mastiff-like in appearance, this related breed is far heavier and even rarer than their sheepdog counterpart.

Dosa Gae

History on the Dosa Gae is everything but rich. Outside their country of origin, they’re quite unknown.

Some sources say this breed was created by mixing breeds such as the Dogue de Bordeaux, Tosa Inu, English Mastiff, and possibly Neapolitan Mastiff or Bloodhound.

Aksaray Malaklisi

The Aksaray Malaklisi looks like a slightly larger Kangal or Anatolian Shepherd.

Both breeds share the cream-colored coat, black muzzle, and other features.

Despite this, the Aksaray Malaklisi is distinct from the other similar breeds.

American Mastiff

With 65-91cm (26-36in) American Mastiffs have a huge variance in size and that goes for males as well as females.

American Mastiffs are quite the recent addition to the Mastiff family with the effort of creating this breed dating back to 1980 and the first formation of purebred breeding stock happening in the 1990s.

Mastiff Breeds Size Comparison

Mastiffs come in all shapes and sizes (okay maybe not in small, but you catch my drift).

Some Mastiffs are as small as 50cm (20in) and weigh around 30kg (65lbs) while others on the extreme end reach heights of 90cm (35in) and weigh up to 90kg (200lbs).

Most Mastiff breeds fall somewhere in the range of 60-70cm (24-28in) with a weight around 45-60kg (100-130lbs).

BreedHeightWeight
Dogo Argentino60-68cm (24-27in)35-45kg (75-100lbs)
Fila Brasileiro60-75cm (24-30in)40-50kg (90-110lbs)
Broholmer70-75cm (28-30in)40-80kg (90-175lbs)
Dogue de Bordeaux57-67cm (22-26in)55-65kg (120-140lbs)
Great Dane71-86cm (28-34in)45-70kg (100-155lbs)
Bullmastiff61-68cm (24-27in)45-60kg (100-130lbs)
English Mastiff70-90cm (28-35in)55-80kg (120-175lbs)
Cane Corso58-70cm (23-28in)40-60kg (90-130lbs)
Neapolitan Mastiff60-77cm (24-30in)50-70kg (110-155lbs)
Tosa Inu57-80cm (22-31in)45-80kg (100-175lbs)
Cão Fila De São Miguel48-61cm (19-24in)25-40kg (55-90lbs)
Perro Dogo Mallorquín52-58cm (20-23in)30-38kg (65-85lbs)
Presa Canario56-65cm (22-26in)38-60kg (85-130lbs)
Spanish Mastiff72-88cm (28-35in)52-90kg (115-200lbs)
Pyrenean Mastiff71-77cm (28-30in)55-110kg (120-240lbs)
Tibetan Mastiff61-76cm (24-30in)35-70kg (75-155lbs)
Boerboel59-70cm (23-28in)55-80kg (120-175lbs)
Bully Kutta76-86cm (30-34in)70-80kg (155-175lbs)
Abruzzese Mastiff60-73cm (24-29in)30-45kg (65-100lbs)
Dosa Gae60-76cm (24-30in)65-85kg (140-185lbs)
Aksaray Malaklisi70-81cm (28-31in)60-85kg (130-185lbs)
American Mastiff65-91cm (26-36in)60-90kg (130-200lbs)

Largest Mastiff Breeds

The largest Mastiff breed is the English Mastiff with up to 90cm (35in) in height but other incredibly large Mastiff breeds include the Great Dane, Tosa Inu, and rare breeds like the Spanish Mastiff, Bully Kutta, and American Mastiff.

Just introducing one of these breeds as a pup into your home will not ensure that he or she will be big though.

Individuals always differ and some breeds have a huge span between their individuals, not to mention the fact that females are generally smaller.

Keep in mind that large dogs often have issues with hip/elbow dysplasia and generally shorter lifespans. Bigger is not always better, on the contrary.

Top Mastiff Breeds (by Popularity)

Top Mastiff breeds by ACK registration popularity from last year include the Great Dane, Cane Corso, English Mastiff, Bullmastiff, Dogue de Bordeaux, Dogo Argentino, Neapolitan Mastiff, Tibetan Mastiff.

BreedPopularity Rank AKC
Great Dane15
Cane Corso25
English Mastiff33
Bullmastiff55
Dogue de Bordeaux71
Dogo Argentino93
Neapolitan Mastiff100
Tibetan Mastiff140
The Most Popular Dog Breeds – AKC

If you’d include the Rottweiler and Boxer which the FCI technically recognizes as Mastiffs, they’d be at places 8 and 14 respectively so they’d definitely bump up that overall Mastiff popularity.

However, why is it that especially very large Mastiffs don’t seem to be all that desirable with only three of them being the top 50?

Well, for one thing, large dogs such as these require lots of time, care, knowledge, and last but not least, financial ability.

Huge dogs need bigger beds, vet bills are more expensive, food can be ten times the cost of a small, and so on.

That, plus it’s restricting your lifestyle a lot more because you may be refused by doggy daycare, dog walkers, or even dog trainers and puppy class instructors.

Whatever you decide to do, Mastiffs are incredible dogs, demanding quite a chunk of responsibility (as well as acceptance for drool) from their owners.

About Danielle
I am the founder of PawLeaks where I share weekly tips on dog training and behavior. Sharing a passion for dogs and helping owners to solve problems through understanding canine behavior and modification is my number one goal.